How to use cilium in a sentence
Normally, those cilia move in synchronized waves to push mucus out of the airway and into the throat.
When it infects respiratory tract cells, the virus appears to clear tracts of cilia, and without the hairlike structures, the cells stop moving mucus, researchers report July 16 in Nature Communications.
Some pathogens, like the coronavirus, just damage cilia, leaving the cells they protrude from intact.
A coronavirus infection can mow down the forests of hairlike cilia that coat our airways, destroying a crucial barrier to keeping the virus from lodging deep in the lungs.
Like all comb jellies, which are not technically jellyfish, bloody-belly comb jellies move by beating the iridescent, hair-like cilia that line their bells.The Evolutionary Wonders in the Deep Sea - Issue 102: Hidden Truths | Annie Roth | June 30, 2021 | Nautilus
Each consists of a very slender curved filament, with a still finer filament, or cilium, arising from it on each side.An Elementary Text-book of the Microscope | John William Griffith
At this stage many of the spores assume each a flagellate cilium, and so acquire power of more rapid locomotion.The North American Slime-Moulds | Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
British Dictionary definitions for cilium
any of the short thread-like projections on the surface of a cell, organism, etc, whose rhythmic beating causes movement of the organism or of the surrounding fluid
the technical name for eyelash
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for cilium
A tiny hairlike projection on the surface of some cells and microscopic organisms, especially protozoans. Cilia are capable of whipping motions and are used by some microorganisms, such as paramecia, for movement. Cilia lining the human respiratory tract act to remove foreign matter from air before it reaches the lungs.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.