cinder

[sin-der]

noun

verb (used with object)

to spread cinders on: The highway department salted and cindered the icy roads.
Archaic. to reduce to cinders.

verb (used without object)

to spread cinders on a surface, as a road or sidewalk: My neighbor began cindering as soon as the first snowflake fell.

Nearby words

  1. cinchonize,
  2. cincinnati,
  3. cincinnatus,
  4. cinco de mayo,
  5. cincture,
  6. cinder block,
  7. cinder concrete,
  8. cinder cone,
  9. cinder patch,
  10. cinder track

Origin of cinder

before 900; Middle English synder, Old English sinder slag; cognate with German Sinter, Old Norse sindr; c- (for s-) < French cendre ashes

Related formscin·der·y, cin·der·ous, adjectivecin·der·like, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for cinder


British Dictionary definitions for cinder

cinder

noun

a piece of incombustible material left after the combustion of coal, coke, etc; clinker
a piece of charred material that burns without flames; ember
Also called: sinter any solid waste from smelting or refining
(plural) fragments of volcanic lava; scoriae

verb

(tr) rare to burn to cinders
Derived Formscindery, adjective

Word Origin for cinder

Old English sinder; related to Old Norse sindr, Old High German sintar, Old Slavonic sedra stalactite

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for cinder

cinder

n.

Old English sinder "dross of iron, slag," from Proto-Germanic *sendra- "slag" (cf. Old Saxon sinder "slag, dross," Old Norse sindr, Middle Low German and Middle Dutch sinder, Dutch sintel, Old High German sintar, German Sinter), from PIE root *sendhro- "coagulating fluid" (cf. Old Church Slavonic sedra "cinder").

Initial s- changed to c- under influence of unrelated French cendre "ashes," from Latin cinerem (nominative cinis) "ashes," from or related to Greek konis "dust" (see incinerate). The French word also apparently shifted the sense of the English one to "small piece of burnt coal" (16c.). Volcanic cinder cone is recorded from 1849.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with cinder

cinder

see burned to a cinder.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.