[ sahy-tey-shuhn ]
See synonyms for citation on
  1. Military. mention of a soldier or a unit in orders, usually for gallantry: She received a presidential citation.

  2. any award or commendation, as for outstanding service, hard work, or devotion to duty, especially a formal letter or statement recounting a person's achievements.

  1. a summons, especially to appear in court.

  2. a document containing such a summons.

  3. the act of citing or quoting a reference to an authority or a precedent.

  4. a passage cited; quotation.

  5. Also cite . a quotation showing a particular word or phrase in context.

  6. Also cite . mention or enumeration.

Origin of citation

First recorded in 1250–1300; Middle English citacio(u)n, from Late Latin citātiōn- (stem of citātiō ), equivalent to Latin citāt(us), past participle of citāre “to set in motion, call before a court” + -iōn- noun suffix; see origin at cite1, -ion

Other words for citation

Other words from citation

  • ci·ta·tion·al, adjective
  • non·ci·ta·tion, noun
  • pre·ci·ta·tion, noun

Words Nearby citation Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2024

How to use citation in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for citation


/ (saɪˈteɪʃən) /

  1. the quoting of a book or author in support of a fact

  2. a passage or source cited for this purpose

  1. a listing or recounting, as of facts

  2. an official commendation or award, esp for bravery or outstanding service, work, etc, usually in the form of a formal statement made in public

  3. law

    • an official summons to appear in court

    • the document containing such a summons

  4. law the quoting of decided cases to serve as guidance to a court

Derived forms of citation

  • citatory (ˈsaɪtətərɪ, -trɪ), adjective

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012