- Military. mention of a soldier or a unit in orders, usually for gallantry: She received a presidential citation.
- any award or commendation, as for outstanding service, hard work, or devotion to duty, especially a formal letter or statement recounting a person's achievements.
- a summons, especially to appear in court.
- a document containing such a summons.
- the act of citing or quoting a reference to an authority or a precedent.
- a passage cited; quotation.
- Also cite. a quotation showing a particular word or phrase in context.
- Also cite. mention or enumeration.
Origin of citation
- the quoting of a book or author in support of a fact
- a passage or source cited for this purpose
- a listing or recounting, as of facts
- an official commendation or award, esp for bravery or outstanding service, work, etc, usually in the form of a formal statement made in public
- an official summons to appear in court
- the document containing such a summons
- law the quoting of decided cases to serve as guidance to a court
c.1300, "summons, written notice to appear," from Old French citation or directly from Latin citationem (nominative citatio) "a command," noun of action from past participle stem of citare "to summon, urge, call; put in sudden motion, call forward; rouse, excite" (see cite). Meaning "passage cited, quotation" is from 1540s. From 1918 as "a mention in an official dispatch."