summons

[suhm-uh nz]
See more synonyms for summons on Thesaurus.com
noun, plural sum·mons·es.
  1. an authoritative command, message, or signal by which one is summoned.
  2. a request, demand, or call to do something: a summons to surrender.
  3. Law.
    1. a call or citation by authority to appear before a court or a judicial officer.
    2. the writ by which the call is made.
  4. an authoritative call or notice to appear at a specified place, as for a particular purpose or duty.
  5. a call issued for the meeting of an assembly or parliament.
verb (used with object)
  1. to serve with a summons; summon.

Origin of summons

1250–1300; Middle English somons < Anglo-French; Old French somonse < Vulgar Latin *summonsa, for Latin summonita, feminine past participle of summonēre; see summon
Related formsnon·sum·mons, nounre·sum·mons, noun, plural re·sum·mons·es.

summon

[suhm-uh n]
verb (used with object)
  1. to call upon to do something specified.
  2. to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal; call.
  3. to call or notify to appear at a specified place, especially before a court: to summon a defendant.
  4. to authorize or order a gathering of; call together by authority, as for deliberation or action: to summon parliament.
  5. to call into action; rouse; call forth (often. followed by up): to summon all one's courage.

Origin of summon

1175–1225; < Medieval Latin summonēre to summon, Latin: to remind unofficially, suggest, equivalent to sum- sum- + monēre to remind, warn; replacing Middle English somonen < Old French semondre, somondre < Vulgar Latin *summonere, Latin summonēre, as above
Related formssum·mon·a·ble, adjectivesum·mon·er, nounre·sum·mon, verb (used with object)un·sum·mon·a·ble, adjectiveun·sum·moned, adjective

Synonym study

1–3. See call.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


Examples from the Web for summons

Contemporary Examples of summons

Historical Examples of summons

  • Hold thyself in readiness to come down upon the first summons.

    Clarissa, Volume 1 (of 9)

    Samuel Richardson

  • She had been summoned to the last meal of the day, but had forgotten the summons.

    Weighed and Wanting

    George MacDonald

  • At last there was the summons to saddle, and Lauzanne was brought into the stall by Dixon.

    Thoroughbreds

    W. A. Fraser

  • She had obeyed my summons like a dog who remembered a former discipline.

    The Underdog

    F. Hopkinson Smith

  • Seth made no outcry; he knew what the summons meant, and he was content.


British Dictionary definitions for summons

summons

noun plural -monses
  1. a call, signal, or order to do something, esp to appear in person or attend at a specified place or time
    1. an official order requiring a person to attend court, either to answer a charge or to give evidence
    2. the writ making such an orderCompare warrant
  2. a call or command given to the members of an assembly to convene a meeting
verb
  1. to take out a summons against (a person)

Word Origin for summons

C13: from Old French somonse, from somondre to summon

summon

verb (tr)
  1. to order to come; send for, esp to attend court, by issuing a summons
  2. to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something)the bell summoned them to their work
  3. to call upon to meet or convene
  4. (often foll by up) to muster or gather (one's strength, courage, etc)
Derived Formssummonable, adjective

Word Origin for summon

C13: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for summons

summon

v.

c.1200, from Anglo-French, Old French sumundre "summon," from Vulgar Latin *summundre "to call, cite," from Latin summonere "hint to," from sub "under" + monere "warn, advise" (see monitor (n.)). Summons "authoritative call to be at a certain place for a certain purpose" is late 13c., from Old French sumunse, noun use of fem. past participle of somondre. Summoner "petty officer who cites persons to appear in court" is from early 14c.; contracted form sumner is from mid-14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper