- the body of laws of a state or nation regulating ordinary private matters, as distinct from laws regulating criminal, political, or military matters.
- Roman History. the body of law proper to the city or state of Rome, as distinct from that common to all nations.Compare jus civile.
- systems of law influenced significantly and in various ways by Roman law, especially as contained in the Corpus Juris Civilis, as distinct from the common law and canon or ecclesiastical law.
Origin of civil law
late Middle English word dating back to 1375–1425
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for civil law
Likewise in civil-law countries the enforcing machinery is modern and adequate.
In general in civil-law countries today what we call specific performance is the rule.
- the law of a state relating to private and civilian affairs
- the body of law in force in ancient Rome, esp the law applicable to private citizens
- any system of law based on the Roman system as distinguished from the common law and canon law
- the law of a state as distinguished from international law
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012