[ siv-uhl ]
/ ˈsɪv əl /
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of, relating to, or consisting of citizens: civil life; civil society.
of the commonwealth or state: civil affairs.
of citizens in their ordinary capacity, or of the ordinary life and affairs of citizens, as distinguished from military and ecclesiastical life and affairs.
of the citizen as an individual: civil liberty.
befitting a citizen: a civil duty.
of, or in a condition of, social order or organized government; civilized: civil peoples.
adhering to the norms of polite social intercourse; not deficient in common courtesy: After their disagreement, their relations were civil though not cordial.
marked by benevolence: He was a very civil sort, and we liked him immediately.
(of divisions of time) legally recognized in the ordinary affairs of life: the civil year.
of or relating to civil law.
OTHER WORDS FOR civil
7, 8 respectful, deferential, gracious, complaisant, suave, affable, urbane, courtly.
OPPOSITES FOR civil
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Origin of civil
1350–1400; Middle English <Latin cīvīlis, equivalent to cīv(is) citizen + -īlis-il
synonym study for civil
7, 8. Civil, affable, courteous, polite all imply avoidance of rudeness toward others. Civil suggests a minimum of observance of social requirements. Affable suggests ease of approach and friendliness. Courteous implies positive, dignified, sincere, and thoughtful consideration for others. Polite implies habitual courtesy, arising from a consciousness of one's training and the demands of good manners.
OTHER WORDS FROM civil
civ·il·ness, nounan·ti·civ·il, adjectivehalf-civil, adjectivehalf-civ·il·ly, adverb
o·ver·civ·il, adjectiveo·ver·civ·il·ly, adverbquasi-civil, adjectivequa·si-civ·il·ly, adverbsu·per·civ·il, adjectivesu·per·civ·il·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use civil in a sentence
And even the Finn fisher has occasionally some rudiments of civilness and hospitality.Through Arctic Lapland|Cutcliffe Hyne
British Dictionary definitions for civil
/ (ˈsɪvəl) /
of the ordinary life of citizens as distinguished from military, legal, or ecclesiastical affairs
of or relating to the citizen as an individualcivil rights
of or occurring within the state or between citizenscivil strife
polite or courteous
a less common word for civic
of or in accordance with Roman law
relating to the private rights of citizens
Derived forms of civilcivilly, adverbcivilness, noun
Word Origin for civil
C14: from Old French, from Latin cīvīlis, from cīvis citizen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012