Origin of civil
Examples from the Web for civil
They are, to say the least, preparing for civil war (the polling stations are stormed by armed gangs).Houellebecq’s Incendiary Novel Imagines France With a Muslim President|Pierre Assouline|January 9, 2015|DAILY BEAST
Rashad was there to celebrate the release of the Civil Rights drama Selma.
An attack on journalists anywhere is an attack on civil society everywhere.Why We Stand With Charlie Hebdo—And You Should Too|John Avlon|January 8, 2015|DAILY BEAST
The scheme has been condemned by civil liberties groups and queried by the National Association of Head Teachers.Britain May Spy on Preschoolers Searching for Potential Jihadis|Nico Hines|January 7, 2015|DAILY BEAST
On Friday, the story had looked like it might blow over as Buckingham Palace sought to dismiss it as a “civil case.”Buckingham Palace Disputes Sex Allegations Against Prince ‘Randy Andy’|Tom Sykes|January 4, 2015|DAILY BEAST
Lincoln was especially fond of a joke at the expense of some high military or civil dignitary.The Every-day Life of Abraham Lincoln|Francis Fisher Browne
During the Civil War, Exeter was twice besieged, but on neither occasion so rigorously as in 1549.Devon, Its Moorlands, Streams and Coasts|Rosalind Northcote
Qualified as a civil engineer in Montreal, and practised his profession for some years.
"Having paid the last arrears on the Civil List, I must now do the same for you," he wrote.Farmer George, Volume 2|Lewis Melville
The furniture of the convents was transferred to the civil and military hospitals.Joseph Bonaparte|John S. C. Abbott
British Dictionary definitions for civil
Word Origin for civil
Word Origin and History for civil
late 14c., "relating to civil law or life; pertaining to the internal affairs of a state," from Old French civil "civil, relating to civil law" (13c.) and directly from Latin civilis "relating to a citizen, relating to public life, befitting a citizen," hence by extension "popular, affable, courteous;" alternative adjectival derivation of civis "townsman" (see city).
The sense of "polite" was in classical Latin, from the courteous manners of citizens, as opposed to those of soldiers. But English did not pick up this nuance of the word until late 16c. "Courteous is thus more commonly said of superiors, civil of inferiors, since it implies or suggests the possibility of incivility or rudeness" [OED]. Civil case (as opposed to criminal) is recorded from 1610s. Civil liberty is by 1640s. Civil service is from 1772, originally in reference to the East India Company.