Origin of cleft1
Synonyms for cleft
Origin of cleft2
verb (used without object), cleaved or (Archaic) clave; cleaved; cleav·ing.
Origin of cleave1
verb (used with object), cleft or cleaved or clove, cleft or cleaved or clo·ven, cleav·ing.
verb (used without object), cleft or cleaved or clove, cleft or cleaved or clo·ven, cleav·ing.
Origin of cleave2
Synonyms for cleave
Examples from the Web for cleft
Contemporary Examples of cleft
Like the Korean Peninsula, Illinois is cleft into two parts: Chicagoland and “downstate.”Romney and Santorum Face Off: 5 Things To Watch For In Illinois
March 19, 2012
Historical Examples of cleft
We could see the shafts of the darts fast in the cleft, bristling in the moonlight.The Trail Book
Nelson was at this time, according to his own expression, placed in a cleft stick.The Life of Horatio Lord Nelson
Put them, one at a time, into the cleft or split end of the larding-needle.Directions for Cookery, in its Various Branches
It was almost forty minutes to the dot when Hilary's head emerged from the cleft.Slaves of Mercury
Pinnatifid: divided into feathers, as when wings are cleft nearly to the base.Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology
John. B. Smith
Word Origin for cleft
verb cleaves, cleaving, cleft, cleaved, clove, cleft, cleaved or cloven
Word Origin for cleave
Word Origin for cleave
1570s, alteration (by influence of cleft, new weak past participle of cleave (v.1)), of Middle English clift (early 14c.), from Old English geclyft (adj.) "split, cloven," from Proto-Germanic *kluftis (cf. Old High German and German kluft, Danish kløft "cleft"), from PIE *gleubh- (see glyph). In Middle English anatomy, it meant "the parting of the thighs" (early 14c.).
late 14c., past participle adjective from cleave (v.1)). Cleft palate attested from 1828.
"to split," Old English cleofan, cleven, cliven "to split, separate" (class II strong verb, past tense cleaf, past participle clofen), from Proto-Germanic *kleubanan (cf. Old Saxon klioban, Old Norse kljufa, Danish klöve, Dutch kloven, Old High German klioban, German klieben "to cleave, split"), from PIE root *gleubh- "to cut, slice" (see glyph).
Past tense form clave is recorded in Northern writers from 14c. and was used with both verbs (see cleave (v.2)), apparently by analogy with other Middle English strong verbs. Clave was common to c.1600 and still alive at the time of the KJV; weak past tense cleaved for this verb also emerged in 14c.; cleft is still later. The past participle cloven survives, though mostly in compounds.
"to adhere," Middle English cleven, clevien, cliven, from Old English clifian, cleofian, from West Germanic *klibajanan (cf. Old Saxon klibon, Old High German kliban, Dutch kleven, Old High German kleben, German kleben "to stick, cling, adhere"), from PIE *gloi- "to stick" (see clay). The confusion was less in Old English when cleave (v.1) was a class 2 strong verb; but it has grown since cleave (v.1) weakened, which may be why both are largely superseded by stick (v.) and split (v.).