Nearby words

  1. cloqué,
  2. clorazepate,
  3. clorinda,
  4. cloris,
  5. clos,
  6. close at hand,
  7. close but no cigar,
  8. close call,
  9. close communion,
  10. close company


Origin of close

before 1050; (noun, adj.) Middle English clos < Anglo-French, Old French < Latin clausus, past participle of claudere to close (cf. clause); (v.) Middle English closen, verbal derivative of the adj. (compare Old English clȳsan, beclȳsan to shut in, enclose, verbal derivative of clūse bar, enclosure < Medieval Latin clūsa, for Latin clausa, feminine of clausus); noun and adj. senses with voiced pronunciation of s are presumably modern deverbal derivatives

Related forms
Can be confusedclose clothes cloze

Synonym study

2. Close, shut mean to cause something not to be open. Close suggests blocking an opening or vacant place: to close a breach in a wall. The word shut refers especially to blocking or barring openings intended for entering and leaving: to shut a door, gate, etc., and close can be used in this sense, too: to close a door, gate, etc. 48. See stingy1. 59. See end1. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for close out

close out


(adverb) to terminate (a client's or other account) on which the margin is inadequate or exhausted, usually by sale of securities to realize cash




near in space or time; in proximity
having the parts near together; densea close formation
down or near to the surface; shorta close haircut
near in relationshipa close relative
intimate or confidentiala close friend
almost equal or evena close contest
not deviating or varying greatly from a model or standarda close resemblance; a close translation
careful, strict, or searchinga close study
(of a style of play in football, hockey, etc) characterized by short passes
confined or enclosed
shut or shut tight
oppressive, heavy, or airlessa close atmosphere
strictly guardeda close prisoner
neat or tight in fita close cap
secretive or reticent
miserly; not generous, esp with money
(of money or credit) hard to obtain; scarce
restricted as to public admission or membership
hidden or secluded
Also: closed restricted or prohibited as to the type of game or fish able to be taken
Also: closed, narrow phonetics denoting a vowel pronounced with the lips relatively close together


closely; tightly
near or in proximity
close to the wind nautical sailing as nearly as possible towards the direction from which the wind is blowingSee also wind 1 (def. 26)
Derived Formsclosely, adverbcloseness, noun

Word Origin for close

C13: from Old French clos close, enclosed, from Latin clausus shut up, from claudere to close




to put or be put in such a position as to cover an opening; shutthe door closed behind him
(tr) to bar, obstruct, or fill up (an entrance, a hole, etc)to close a road
to bring the parts or edges of (a wound, etc) together or (of a wound, etc) to be brought together
(intr; foll by on, over, etc) to take holdhis hand closed over the money
to bring or be brought to an end; terminate
to complete (an agreement, a deal, etc) successfully or (of an agreement, deal, etc) to be completed successfully
to cease or cause to cease to render servicethe shop closed at six
(intr) stock exchange to have a value at the end of a day's trading, as specifiedsteels closed two points down
to complete an electrical circuit
(tr) nautical to pass near
(tr) archaic to enclose or shut in
close one's eyes
  1. euphemisticto die
  2. (often foll by to)to ignore


the act of closing
the end or conclusionthe close of the day
a place of joining or meeting
(kləʊs) law private property, usually enclosed by a fence, hedge, or wall
(kləʊs) British a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard
(kləʊs) British (capital when part of a street name) a small quiet residential roadHillside Close
British a field
(kləʊs) the precincts of a cathedral or similar building
(kləʊs) Scot the entry from the street to a tenement building
music another word for cadence
archaic, or rare an encounter in battle; grapple

Derived Formscloser, noun

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for close out
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with close out

close out


Also, close something out. Dispose of a stock of goods; end a business. For example, We are closing out all our china, or They've decided to close out their downtown branch. This expression is most often used in business and commerce but occasionally refers to other matters. [Late 1800s]


close someone out. Prevent someone's entry or inclusion, as in No one will tell us about the merger—we've been closed out. [Second half of 1900s]


In addition to the idioms beginning with close

  • close at hand
  • close but no cigar
  • close call
  • closed book, a
  • closed door
  • close down
  • close in
  • close one's eyes to
  • close out
  • close ranks
  • close shave
  • close the books
  • close the door on
  • close the sale
  • close to home
  • close up

also see:

  • at close quarters
  • at close range
  • behind closed doors
  • keep (a close) watch
  • near (close) to one's heart
  • play one's cards close to one's chest
  • sail close to the wind
  • too close for comfort
  • too close to call
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.