View synonyms for closed


[ klohzd ]


  1. having or forming a boundary or barrier:

    He was blocked by a closed door.

    The house had a closed porch.

  2. brought to a close; concluded:

    It was a closed incident with no repercussions.

  3. not public; restricted; exclusive:

    a closed meeting;

    a closed bid at a private auction.

  4. not open to new ideas or arguments.
  5. self-contained; independent or self-sufficient:

    a closed, symbiotic relationship.

  6. Phonetics. (of a syllable) ending with a consonant or a consonant cluster, as has, hasp. Compare open ( def 35b ).
  7. Linguistics. (of a class of items) limited in membership and not readily expanded to include new items, as the class of inflectional affixes, articles, pronouns, or auxiliaries ( open, def 36 ).
  8. Hunting, Angling. restricted as to the kind of game that may be legally taken and as to where or when it may be taken:

    woods closed to deer hunters.

  9. Mathematics.
    1. (of a set in which a combining operation between members of the set is defined) such that performing the operation between members of the set produces a member of the set, as multiplication in the set of integers.
    2. (of an interval) containing both of its endpoints.
    3. (of a map from one topological space to another) having the property that the image of a closed set is a closed set.
    4. (of a curve) not having endpoints; enclosing an area.
    5. (of a surface) enclosing a volume.
    6. (of a function or operator) having as its graph a closed set.


/ kləʊzd /


  1. blocked against entry; shut
  2. restricted; exclusive
  3. not open to question or debate
  4. (of a hunting season, etc) close
  5. maths
    1. (of a curve or surface) completely enclosing an area or volume
    2. (of a set) having members that can be produced by a specific operation on other members of the same set

      the integers are a closed set under multiplication

  6. Alsochecked phonetics
    1. denoting a syllable that ends in a consonant
    2. another word for close 1
  7. not open to public entry or membership

    the closed society of publishing

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Other Words From

  • half-closed adjective
  • semi·closed adjective
  • well-closed adjective

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Word History and Origins

Origin of closed1

First recorded in 1175–1225; Middle English; close, -ed 2

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Example Sentences

Doing business with so many different people is messy, and can’t always be boxed up neatly into a closed-system, automated process.

That kind of closed-door session, where a head of the Civil Rights Division is secretly speaking about enforcement with partisan state officials, is unprecedented.

Every few hours I found at least 10 traps with closed doors, and what followed was a crash course in mammal diversity.

Two of the country’s biggest markets, New York and Los Angeles, remain closed.

From Fortune

Choose between four different reclines—closed, half-closed, split back, and fully opened—that allow you to easily shift between snoozing and socializing time.

He closed his eyes, imagining the virgins, imagining away the pain in his head and groin.

Closed courthouses, rogue clerks, and misleading statements from the attorney general as Florida welcomes same-sex marriage.

I wish I could be writing to you under better circumstances, but unfortunately those avenues have closed up.

The FCC investigation recently closed its comment period on the Marriott case.

Though the bar closed soon after, a movement had been sparked, and when it reopened in 1990, history was revived.

And now I can recall that his eyes closed, and from his lips I caught a sigh, and then he rolled to the floor.

The next instant the door closed softly behind them, and she went out of his life as a wife forever.

He looked up through half closed eyes to see the Reverend standing over him.

And it might be a good idea for you to give your men a gentle hint to keep their mouths closed about this affair—all of it.

The exchanges had closed in previous years, but never for the reasons which now controlled them.


Related Words




close-croppedclosed book