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coefficient

[ koh-uh-fish-uhnt ]
/ ˌkoʊ əˈfɪʃ ənt /
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noun
Mathematics. a number or quantity placed (generally) before and multiplying another quantity, as 3 in the expression 3x.
Physics. a number that is constant for a given substance, body, or process under certain specified conditions, serving as a measure of one of its properties: coefficient of friction.
adjective
acting in consort; cooperating.
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Origin of coefficient

First recorded in 1655–65, coefficient is from the New Latin word coefficient- (stem of coefficiēns). See co-, efficient

OTHER WORDS FROM coefficient

co·ef·fi·cient·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use coefficient in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for coefficient

coefficient
/ (ˌkəʊɪˈfɪʃənt) /

noun
maths
  1. a numerical or constant factor in an algebraic termthe coefficient of the term 3xyz is 3
  2. the product of all the factors of a term excluding one or more specified variablesthe coefficient of x in 3axyz is 3ayz
physics a value that relates one physical quantity to another

Word Origin for coefficient

C17: from New Latin coefficiēns, from Latin co- together + efficere to effect
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for coefficient

coefficient
[ kō′ə-fĭshənt ]

A number or symbol multiplied with a variable or an unknown quantity in an algebraic term. For example, 4 is the coefficient in the term 4x, and x is the coefficient in x(a + b).
A numerical measure of a physical or chemical property that is constant for a system under specified conditions. The speed of light in a vacuum, for example, is a constant.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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