colon 1 [ koh-l uh n ] SHOW IPA / ˈkoʊ lən / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun, plural co·lons for 1, co·la [ koh-l uh] /ˈkoʊ lə/ for 2. the sign (:) used to mark a major division in a sentence, to indicate that what follows is an elaboration, summation, implication, etc., of what precedes; or to separate groups of numbers referring to different things, as hours from minutes in 5:30; or the members of a ratio or proportion, as in 1 : 2 = 3 : 6. Classical Prosody. one of the members or sections of a rhythmical period, consisting of a sequence of from two to six feet united under a principal ictus or beat. QUIZZES TAKE ROUND 2 OF OUR PSAT VOCABULARY QUIZ!
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Question 1 of 10
Origin of colon 1
1580–90; < Latin < Greek
kôlon limb, member, clause Words nearby colon colombes
colonelcy Definition for colon (2 of 5) colon 2 [ koh-l uh n ] SHOW IPA / ˈkoʊ lən / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun, plural co·lons, co·la . [ koh-l uh] /ˈkoʊ lə/ Anatomy. the part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum. Zoology. the portion of the digestive tract that is posterior to the stomach or gizzard and extends to the rectum. Origin of colon 2
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin < Greek
kólon large intestine Definition for colon (3 of 5) colon 3 [ koh- lohn; Spanish kaw- lawn ] SHOW IPA / koʊˈloʊn; Spanish kɔˈlɔn / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun, plural co·lons, Spanish co·lo·nes . [kaw- law-nes] /kɔˈlɔ nɛs/ the paper monetary unit of El Salvador, equal to 100 centavos. Abbreviation: C. a cupronickel or steel coin and monetary unit of Costa Rica, equal to 100 centimos. Origin of colon 3
1890–95; < American Spanish, after (
Cristobal) Colón (Christopher) Columbus Definition for colon (4 of 5) colon 4 [ koh-lon, k uh- lon ] SHOW IPA / ˈkoʊ lɒn, kəˈlɒn / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun a colonial farmer or plantation owner, especially in Algeria. Origin of colon 4
1600–10, in sense “husbandmen”; 1955–60 in present sense; < French < Latin
colōnus colonist Definition for colon (5 of 5) Colón [ koh- lon; Spanish kaw- lawn ] SHOW IPA / koʊˈlɒn; Spanish kɔˈlɔn / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun a seaport in Panama at the Atlantic end of the Panama Canal.
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
Example sentences from the Web for colon
The bacteria in your
colon thrive on nondigestible fiber, also known as prebiotics.
In 1993, about a year before Retsky received his
colon cancer diagnosis, he attended a breast cancer conference in Europe.
The tumor in his
colon had spread to four of his lymph nodes and penetrated the bowel wall.
But in his late 20s, his mother became very sick from
colon cancer and said to him, “When am I going to see you on TV?” British Dictionary definitions for colon (1 of 5) noun plural -lons the punctuation mark :, usually preceding an explanation or an example of what has gone before, a list, or an extended quotation plural -lons this mark used for certain other purposes, such as expressions of time, as in 2:45 p.m., or when a ratio is given in figures, as in 5:3 plural -la ( -lə) (in classical prosody) a part of a rhythmic period with two to six feet and one principal accent or ictus Word Origin for colon
C16: from Latin, from Greek
kōlon limb, hence part of a strophe, clause of a sentence British Dictionary definitions for colon (2 of 5) noun plural -lons or -la ( -lə) the part of the large intestine between the caecum and the rectum Word Origin for colon
C16: from Latin: large intestine, from Greek
kolon British Dictionary definitions for colon (3 of 5) colon 3 / ( kəˈlɒn, French kɔlɔ̃) / noun a colonial farmer or plantation owner, esp in a French colony Word Origin for colon
French: colonist, from Latin
colōnus, from colere to till, inhabit British Dictionary definitions for colon (4 of 5) colón / ( kəʊˈləʊn, Spanish koˈlon) / noun plural -lons or -lones ( Spanish -ˈlones) the standard monetary unit of Costa Rica, divided into 100 céntimos the former standard monetary unit of El Salvador, divided into 100 centavos; replaced by the US dollar in 2001 Word Origin for colón
C19: American Spanish, from Spanish, after Cristóbal
Colón Christopher Columbus British Dictionary definitions for colon (5 of 5) Colón / ( kɒˈlɒn, Spanish koˈlɔn) / noun a port in Panama, at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal. Chief Caribbean port. Pop: 157 000 (2005 est) Former name: Aspinwall
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for colon n. pl. co•lons The division of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum. Other words from colon co•lon ( ′ic kə-lŏn) ′ĭk adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Scientific definitions for colon The longest part of the large intestine, extending from the cecum to the rectum. Water and electrolytes are absorbed, solidified, and prepared for elimination as feces in the colon. The colon also contains bacteria that help in the body's absorption of nutrients from digested material.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for colon (1 of 2)
A punctuation mark (:) used to introduce a description, an explanation, or a list. For example, “She would own only one kind of pet: a Siamese cat” and “The little boy announced that he wanted the following for his birthday: two sweaters, a new tent, and three toy cars.”
Cultural definitions for colon (2 of 2)
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.