noun Historical Linguistics.
the lengthening of a vowel when a following consonant is weakened or lost, as the change from Old English niht [nikht] /nɪxt/ to night [nahyt] /naɪt/, with loss of [kh] /x/ and lengthening of [i] /ɪ/ to a vowel that eventually became [ahy] /aɪ/.
What Does “Solstice” Mean?The summer solstice marks the longest day of the calendar year and the beginning of summer in the Northern Hemisphere. But what does the word solstice mean, and what does it have to do with Shakespeare? The term solstice is derived from the Latin scientific term solstitium. Containing the Latin sol– meaning “the sun” and sistere meaning “to make stand.” Today the term solstice is used to describe the …
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019