Nearby words

  1. composure,
  2. compotation,
  3. compotator,
  4. compote,
  5. compotier,
  6. compound aneurysm,
  7. compound annual return,
  8. compound dislocation,
  9. compound engine,
  10. compound eye

Origin of compound

1
1350–1400; (v.) Middle English compounen < Middle French compon- (stem of compondre) < Latin compōnere, equivalent to com- com- + pōnere to put; (adj.) Middle English compouned, past participle of compounen, as above

Related forms

compound

2
[ kom-pound ]
/ ˈkɒm paʊnd /

noun

(in the Far East) an enclosure containing residences, business offices, or other establishments of Europeans.
(in Africa) a similar enclosure for native laborers.
any enclosure, especially for prisoners of war.
any separate cluster of homes, often owned by members of the same family.

Origin of compound

2
1670–80; alteration, by association with compound1, of Malay kampung village, collection, gathering; cf. kampong

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for compound


British Dictionary definitions for compound

compound

1

noun (ˈkɒmpaʊnd)

verb (kəmˈpaʊnd) (mainly tr)

adjective (ˈkɒmpaʊnd)

Derived Formscompoundable, adjectivecompounder, noun

Word Origin for compound

C14: from earlier compounen, from Old French compondre to collect, set in order, from Latin compōnere

noun

(esp formerly in South Africa) an enclosure, esp on the mines, containing the living quarters for Black workers
any similar enclosure, such as a camp for prisoners of war
(formerly in India, China, etc) the enclosure in which a European's house or factory stood

Word Origin for compound

C17: by folk etymology (influenced by compound 1) from Malay kampong village

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for compound
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for compound

compound

[ kŏmpound′ ]

n.

A combination of two or more elements or parts.
A pure, macroscopically homogeneous substance that consists of atoms or ions of different elements in definite proportions that cannot be separated by physical means, and that have properties unlike those of its constituent elements.

adj.

Consisting of two or more substances, ingredients, elements, or parts.

v.

To combine so as to form a whole; mix.
To produce or create by combining two or more ingredients or parts.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for compound

compound

[ kŏmpound′ ]

A substance consisting of atoms or ions of two or more different elements in definite proportions joined by chemical bonds into a molecule. The elements cannot be separated by physical means. Water, for example, is a compound having two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom per molecule.

Adjective

Composed of more than one part, as a compound eye or leaf.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Culture definitions for compound

compound

In chemistry, a substance containing two or more elements in definite proportions.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.