congruence

[kong-groo-uh ns, kuh n-groo-, kuh ng-]

noun

the quality or state of agreeing or corresponding.
Mathematics. a relation between two numbers indicating that the numbers give the same remainder when divided by some given number.Compare residue(def 4b).

Origin of congruence

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin congruentia, derivative of congruent- congruent; see -ence
Related formsnon·con·gru·ence, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for congruence

Contemporary Examples of congruence

Historical Examples of congruence

  • The congruence of the Spirit and the body of the Church, if it occurs, is purely accidental.

  • By the aid of these two axioms the theory of congruence can be extended so as to compare lengths of segments on any two rects.

    The Concept of Nature

    Alfred North Whitehead

  • The aim of this lecture is to establish a theory of congruence.

    The Concept of Nature

    Alfred North Whitehead

  • Congruence depends on motion, and thereby is generated the connexion between spatial congruence and temporal congruence.

    The Concept of Nature

    Alfred North Whitehead

  • The first axiom of congruence is that the opposite sides of any parallelogram are congruent.

    The Concept of Nature

    Alfred North Whitehead



British Dictionary definitions for congruence

congruence

congruency (ˈkɒŋɡrʊənsɪ)

noun

the quality or state of corresponding, agreeing, or being congruent
maths the relationship between two integers, x and y, such that their difference, with respect to another positive integer called the modulus, n, is a multiple of the modulus. Usually written xy (mod n), as in 2511 (mod 7)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for congruence
n.

mid-15c., from Latin congruentia "agreement, harmony, congruity," from congruentem (nominative congruens), present participle of congruere "to come together" (see congruent). Related: Congruency.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper