conjunction

[ kuhn-juhngk-shuhn ]
/ kənˈdʒʌŋk ʃən /

noun

Origin of conjunction

1350–1400; Middle English conjunccio(u)n (< Anglo-French) < Latin conjunctiōn- (stem of conjunctiō). See conjunct, -ion
SYNONYMS FOR conjunction
2 joining, meeting, associating.
Related formscon·junc·tion·al, adjectivecon·junc·tion·al·ly, adverbnon·con·junc·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for conjunctional

  • Now, this superadded power is rather adverbial than conjunctional.

    The English Language|Robert Gordon Latham

British Dictionary definitions for conjunctional

conjunction

/ (kənˈdʒʌŋkʃən) /

noun

the act of joining together; combination; union
simultaneous occurrence of events; coincidence
any word or group of words, other than a relative pronoun, that connects words, phrases, or clauses; for example and and whileAbbreviation: conj See also coordinating conjunction, subordinating conjunction
astronomy
  1. the position of any two bodies that appear to meet, such as two celestial bodies on the celestial sphere
  2. Also called: solar conjunction the position of a planet or the moon when it is in line with the sun as seen from the earth. The inner planets are in inferior conjunction when the planet is between the earth and the sun and in superior conjunction when the sun lies between the earth and the planetCompare opposition (def. 8a)
astrology an exact aspect of 0° between two planets, etc, an orb of 8° being allowedSee opposition (def. 9), square (def. 10)
logic
  1. the operator that forms a compound sentence from two given sentences, and corresponds to the English and
  2. a sentence so formed. Usually written p&q, p∧q, or p.q., where p,q are the component sentences, it is true only when both these are true
  3. the relation between such sentences
Derived Formsconjunctional, adjectiveconjunctionally, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for conjunctional

conjunction


n.

late 14c., originally of planets, from Old French conjonction "union, joining, sexual intercourse" (12c.), from Latin coniunctionem (nominative coniunctio), from past participle stem of coniugare "join together" (see conjugal). Cf. Italian congiunzione, Spanish conjunción. Grammatical sense (late 14c.) was in Latin, a loan-translation of Greek syndesmos. The word also had the meaning "sexual union" 17c.-18c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for conjunctional

conjunction

[ kən-jŭngkshən ]

The position of two celestial bodies when they have the same celestial longitude, especially a configuration in which a planet or the Moon lies on a straight line from Earth to or through the Sun. Planets in this position are not visible to the naked eye because they are in line with the Sun and obscured by its glare; the Moon in this position is new.♦ The inner planets Mercury and Venus have two conjunction points with Earth. Either planet is at inferior conjunction when it lies directly between the Earth and the Sun, and is at superior conjunction when it lies directly opposite Earth on the far side of the Sun. The outer planets have only one conjunction point with Earth, when they lie opposite Earth on the far side of the Sun. Compare opposition. See more at elongation.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Culture definitions for conjunctional

conjunction


A word that joins words or groups of words. There are three kinds of conjunctions: coordinating, correlative, and subordinating. Coordinating conjunctions include and, but, or, not, yet, for, and so. Correlative conjunctions include the words in the pairs either/or, both/and, and neither/nor. Subordinating conjunctions begin subordinate clauses (see subordination) and join them to the rest of the sentence: “She didn't learn the real reason until she left the valley.”

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.