- any member of a small class of words distinguished in many languages by their function as connectors between words, phrases, clauses, or sentences, as and, because, but, however.
- any other word or expression of similar function, as in any case.
- a compound proposition that is true if and only if all of its component propositions are true.
- the relation among the components of such a proposition, usually expressed by AND or & or ·.
- the coincidence of two or more heavenly bodies at the same celestial longitude.
- the state of two or more such coinciding heavenly bodies.
Origin of conjunction
OTHER WORDS FROM conjunctioncon·junc·tion·al, adjectivecon·junc·tion·al·ly, adverbnon·con·junc·tion, noun
Words nearby conjunction
MORE ABOUT CONJUNCTION
What is a conjunction?
A conjunction is a member of a group of words that we use to connect words, clauses, phrases, or sentences.
Conjunctions act as connectors in sentences. They link ideas together to form more complex sentences. In English, there are three main categories of conjunctions.
Coordinating conjunctions connect similar things together, such as nouns with nouns, verbs with verbs, and adjectives with adjectives. And, but, and or are the three most commonly used coordinating conjunctions, as in I bought shoes and socks.
Subordinating conjunctions connect dependent (or subordinate) clauses to independent clauses. Dependent clauses are not complete sentences, so cannot be used alone. They need a conjunction to attach them to an independent clause. Because, after, when, and if are examples of subordinating conjunctions, as in If you are going outside, take your jacket with you.
Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that work together to make a comparison or a contrast, such as either … or, neither … nor, and not only … but also. Sometimes, only the first of the pair is used and the second is understood, as in These shirts are both ugly, so I am going to wear neither (this one nor that one).
Why is conjunction important?
The first records of the word conjunction come from around 1350. It ultimately comes from the Latin verb conjungere, meaning to join together.
Conjunctions are used in many languages, including ancient languages like Latin.
English learners are often taught not to begin sentences with coordinating conjunctions such as and or but because it can lead to incomplete sentences, especially with young students. However, this is merely a writing preference and you can create grammatical sentences that start with a coordinating conjunction, as in But to the surprise of my teacher, I passed the test easily.
Did you know … ?
A common mnemonic device used to remember the seven coordinating conjunctions is FANBOYS, which stands for for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so.
What are real-life examples of conjunctions?
This chart lists some of the most commonly used subordinating conjunctions:
Conjunctions are taught fairly early on in a student’s study of English.
Learning about conjunctions with Daughter (7), with a worksheet sent from school.
Me: Here's another example: would you like ice cream *or* some chocolate?
— Dr Nicholas Jackson (@njj4) January 20, 2021
So many people sharing good news this morning. And the sun's shining. And I just started two sentences with conjunctions, and I don't care.
— Gareth L Powell (@garethlpowell) March 11, 2016
What other words are related to conjunction?
True or False?
Conjunctions act as connections between sentences.
How to use conjunction in a sentence
The company announced its first product soon after — a $400 “Driver Bag” designed in conjunction with the Portland-based bag company, Chester Wallace.Bolt Threads partners with Adidas, owners of Balenciaga and Gucci, and Stella McCartney on mushroom leather|Jonathan Shieber|October 2, 2020|TechCrunch
The intelligence gleaned from those actions is then used in conjunction with our own psychological weaknesses to get us to watch more videos, share more content, see more ads, and continue driving Big Tech’s money-making engine.‘The Social Dilemma’ Will Freak You Out—But There’s More to the Story|Vanessa Bates Ramirez|September 29, 2020|Singularity Hub
For example, perhaps there’s a topic in your niche that is discussed a lot but never in conjunction with data.How to create compelling content based on existing data|Claire Cole|September 22, 2020|Search Engine Watch
Eighty percent of the world successfully relies on plant medicine for its primary health care and uses it in conjunction with allopathic medicine.The founder of wellness startup Mab & Stoke on the growth of ‘pay what you can’ options during the pandemic|Rachel King|September 20, 2020|Fortune
Its Super Mario sets, for example, can be played in conjunction with an app.
The paperwork was spotless: he had died in transit, the conjunction of a weak heart and long trip.
And like all the other governors on this list, she expanded Medicaid in conjunction with Obamacare.
In conjunction, a new publication, Fred Tomaselli: The Times (Prestel, May 2014) will be available for purchase later this month.
He quit his million-dollar gig to, in conjunction with his wife, Eva, become an empowering resource for girls and young women.Our Photoshopping Disorder: The Truth in Advertising Bill Asks Congress to Regulate Deceptive Images|Erin Cunningham|April 22, 2014|DAILY BEAST
There is also evidence that NSAIDs cause intestinal damage when taken in conjunction with exercise.Research Shows Link Between NSAID Use and Gut Disease|Valerie Vande Panne|April 21, 2014|DAILY BEAST
The consequence of this was far-reaching, for Victor, like Ney, refused in future to work in conjunction with Soult.Napoleon's Marshals|R. P. Dunn-Pattison
It was in conjunction with Mr. Booth that my father constructed the 'Rocket' engine.Life of Richard Trevithick, Volume II (of 2)|Francis Trevithick
This place occupies the site of a Roman camp, which, in conjunction with Burgh Castle, guarded this part of the coast.The Towns of Roman Britain|James Oliver Bevan
He was the second king of the eighteenth dynasty, and reigned in conjunction with his father Seti for sixty years.Beacon Lights of History, Volume II|John Lord
He was invested with full authority as commander-in-chief and governor of Bengal to act in conjunction with a select committee.The Political History of England - Vol. X.|William Hunt
British Dictionary definitions for conjunction
- the position of any two bodies that appear to meet, such as two celestial bodies on the celestial sphere
- Also called: solar conjunction the position of a planet or the moon when it is in line with the sun as seen from the earth. The inner planets are in inferior conjunction when the planet is between the earth and the sun and in superior conjunction when the sun lies between the earth and the planetCompare opposition (def. 8a)
- the operator that forms a compound sentence from two given sentences, and corresponds to the English and
- a sentence so formed. Usually written p&q, p∧q, or p.q., where p,q are the component sentences, it is true only when both these are true
- the relation between such sentences
Derived forms of conjunctionconjunctional, adjectiveconjunctionally, adverb
Scientific definitions for conjunction
Cultural definitions for conjunction
A word that joins words or groups of words. There are three kinds of conjunctions: coordinating, correlative, and subordinating. Coordinating conjunctions include and, but, or, not, yet, for, and so. Correlative conjunctions include the words in the pairs either/or, both/and, and neither/nor. Subordinating conjunctions begin subordinate clauses (see subordination) and join them to the rest of the sentence: “She didn't learn the real reason until she left the valley.”