Advertisement

Advertisement

# square

[ skwair ]

## noun

- a rectangle having all four sides of equal length.
- anything having this form or a form approximating it, as a city block, rectangular piece of candy, etc.
- an open area or plaza in a city or town, formed by the meeting or intersecting of two or more streets and often planted with grass, trees, etc., in the center.
- a rectangularly shaped area on a game board, as in chess or checkers.
- a try square, T square, or the like.
*Mathematics.*- the second power of a quantity, expressed as
*a2 = a × a,*where*a*is the quantity. - a quantity that is the second power of another:
*Four is the square of two.*

*Slang.*a person who is ignorant of or uninterested in current fads, ideas, manners, tastes, etc.; an old-fashioned, conventional, or conservative person.*Military.*(formerly) a body of troops drawn up in quadrilateral form.*Building Trades.*a unit of measure for roofing materials, equal to 100 square feet (9.3 sq. m).- a flower bud of the cotton plant.
*Nautical.*the area at the bottom of a hatchway.- Usually
**squares.***Informal.*a square meal:*to get three squares a day.* *Astrology.*a situation in which two heavenly bodies or groups of heavenly bodies have celestial longitudes differing by 90 degrees, an aspect indicative of internal tension with an equally strong and conflicting need for adjustment.*Obsolete.*a pattern, standard, or example.

## verb (used with object)

**squared,****squar·ing.**- to reduce to square, rectangular, or cubical form (often followed by
*off*):*He squared off the log to make a timber for his house.* - to mark out in one or more squares or rectangles.
- to test with measuring devices for deviation from a right angle, straight line, or plane surface.
*Mathematics.*- to multiply (a number or quantity) by itself; raise to the second power.
- to describe or find a square that is equivalent in area to:
*to square a circle.*

- to bring to the form of a right angle or right angles; set at right angles to something else.
- to even the score of (a contest):
*to square a game.* - to set (the shoulders and back) in an erect posture so they form an angle similar to a right angle.
- to make straight, level, or even:
*Square the cloth on the table.***Synonyms:**straighten - to regulate, as by a standard; adapt; adjust.
**Synonyms:**rectify - to adjust harmoniously or satisfactorily (often followed by
*with*):*How could you square such actions with your conscience?* - to balance; pay off; settle:
*to square a debt.* *Slang.*to secure a desired action or attitude by means of bribery; bribe.

## verb (used without object)

**squared,****squar·ing.**- to accord or agree (often followed by
*with*):*Your theory does not square with the facts.* - to settle, even, or balance a matter, as by paying a bill, returning a favor, or tying a score.
- (of a cotton plant) to form buds.

## adjective

**squar·er,****squar·est.**- formed by or as a right angle; having some part or parts rectangular:
*a square corner.* - having four sides and four right angles in two dimensions or three pairs of parallel sides meeting at right angles in three dimensions; having each dimension in the shape of a square or rectangle and all angles right angles:
*a square box.* - noting any unit of area measurement having the form of a square and designated by a unit of linear measurement forming a side of the square:
*one square foot.* - noting a system of area measurement in terms of such units.
- (of an area) equal to a square of a specified length on a side:
*five miles square.* - at right angles, or perpendicular.
*Nautical.*at right angles to the mast and the keel, as a yard.- having a square or rectangular section:
*a square bar.* - having a solid, sturdy form, especially when characterized by a rectilinear or angular outline.
- straight, level, or even, as a surface.
- leaving no balance of debt on either side; having all accounts settled:
*I'm all square with my landlord.***Synonyms:**balanced - just, fair, or honest.
- straightforward, direct, or unequivocal.
*Slang.*conventional or conservative in style or outlook; not hip.

## adverb

- so as to be square; in square or rectangular form.
- at right angles.
- fairly or honestly.
- directly or straightforwardly.

## verb phrase

- to assume a posture of defense or offense, as in boxing:
*They squared off for a fight.* - to prepare to dispute with another; show signs of opposition or resistance:
*The governor and the legislature are squaring off over the landfill issue.*

*Baseball.*(of a bunter) to shift the feet and body from a conventional batting stance to a position facing the pitcher, with the bat held across and in front of the body.*Nautical.*to arrange the yards so as to sail before the wind.- to prepare; get ready:
*Square away for dinner.* - to assume a position of defense or offense:
*The wrestlers squared away for the first fall.* - to organize or complete satisfactorily; put in order:
*I want to square away the work before going on vacation.*

square

/ skwɛə /

## noun

- any object, part, or arrangement having this or a similar shape
*a square on a chess board**a square of carpet* *capital when part of name*an open area in a town, sometimes including the surrounding buildings, which may form a square- maths the product of two equal factors; the second power
*9 is the square of 3, written 3²* - an instrument having two strips of wood, metal, etc, set in the shape of a T or L, used for constructing or testing right angles
- cricket the closely-cut area in the middle of a ground on which wickets are prepared
- a body of soldiers drawn up in the form of a square
- rowing the position of the blade of an oar perpendicular to the surface of the water just before and during a stroke
*informal.*a person who is old-fashioned in views, customs, appearance, etc*obsolete.*a standard, pattern, or rule**back to square one**indicating a return to the starting-point of an investigation, experiment, etc, because of failure, lack of progress, etc**on the square**- at right angles
- on equal terms
- honestly and openly
- a phrase identifying someone as a Freemason
*he is on the square*

**out of square**- not at right angles or not having a right angle
- not in order or agreement

## adjective

- being a square in shape
- having or forming one or more right angles or being at right angles to something
- square or rectangular in section
*a square bar* *prenominal*denoting a measure of area of any shape*a circle of four square feet**immediately postpositive*denoting a square having a specified length on each side*a board four feet square contains 16 square feet*

- fair and honest (esp in the phrase
**a square deal**) - straight, even, or level
*a square surface* - cricket at right angles to the wicket
*square leg* - sport in a straight line across the pitch
*a square pass* - nautical (of the sails of a square-rigger) set at right angles to the keel
*informal.*old-fashioned in views, customs, appearance, etc- stocky or sturdy
*square shoulders* *postpositive*having no remaining debts or accounts to be settled- (of a horse's gait) sound, steady, or regular
*prenominal*unequivocal or straightforward*a square contradiction**postpositive*neat and tidy- maths (of a matrix) having the same number of rows and columns
**all square**on equal terms; even in score**square peg or square peg in a round hole***informal.*a person or thing that is a misfit, such as an employee in a job for which he is unsuited

## verb

- to make into a square or similar shape
- maths to raise (a number or quantity) to the second power
- to test or adjust for deviation with respect to a right angle, plane surface, etc
*sometimes foll by off*to divide into squares- to position so as to be rectangular, straight, or level
*square the shoulders* *sometimes foll by up*to settle (debts, accounts, etc)- to level (the score) in a game, etc
- also introften foll bywith to agree or cause to agree
*your ideas don't square with mine* - rowing to turn (an oar) perpendicular to the surface of the water just before commencing a stroke
- (in canoeing) to turn (a paddle) perpendicular to the direction of the canoe at the commencement of a stroke Compare feather
- to arrange (something), esp by a corrupt method or come to an arrangement with (someone), as by bribery
**square the circle**to attempt the impossible (in reference to the insoluble problem of constructing a square having exactly the same area as a given circle)

## adverb

- in order to be square
- at right angles
- sport in a straight line across the pitch
*pass the ball square* *informal.*squarely

square

/ skwâr /

## Noun

- A rectangle having four equal sides.
- The product that results when a number or quantity is multiplied by itself. The square of 8, for example, is 64.

## Adjective

- Of, being, or using units that express the measure of area.

## Verb

- To multiply a number, quantity, or expression by itself.

square

- A number multiplied by itself, or raised to the second power . The square of three is nine; the square of nine is eighty-one.

## Derived Forms

**ˈsquarer**, noun**ˈsquarish**, adjective**ˈsquareness**, noun

## Other Words From

**squar·a·ble**adjective**square·like**adjective**square·ness**noun**squar·er**noun**un·squar·a·ble**adjective**un·squared**adjective

## Word History and Origins

Origin of square^{1}

*Middle English,*from

*Old French*

*esquar(r)e,*from unrecorded

*Vulgar Latin*

*exquadra,*derivative of unattested

*exquadrāre*(

*Latin*

*ex-*ex-

^{1}+

*quadrāre*to square; quadrate ); (verb)

*Middle English*

*squaren,*from

*Old French*

*esquarrer,*from unrecorded

*Vulgar Latin*

*exquadrāre;*(adjective)

*Middle English,*from

*Old French*

*esquarré,*past participle of

*esquarrer;*(adverb) derivative of the adjective

## Word History and Origins

Origin of square^{1}

*esquare*, from Vulgar Latin

*exquadra*(unattested), from Latin ex

^{1}+

*quadrāre*to make square; see quadrant

## Idioms and Phrases

**on the square,**- at right angles.
*Informal.*straightforward; honest; just:*Their dealings with us have always been on the square.*

**out of square,**- not at right angles.
- not in agreement; incorrect; irregular:
*The inspector's conclusions are out of square with his earlier report.*

**square the circle,**to strive without chance of success; attempt the impossible.

### More idioms and phrases containing *square*

- back to the drawing board (square one)
- fair and square
- on the square
- round peg in a square hole
- shoot straight (square)

## Example Sentences

For starters there are the 100,000 trillion photons arriving every second at every square centimeter of Earth’s dayside surface, after racing here from the outer envelope of a natural giant thermonuclear reactor we call the sun.

It makes the same prediction for spaces of every dimension — that in covering, say, 12-dimensional space using 12-dimensional “square” tiles, you will end up with at least two tiles that abut each other exactly.

Treating arid land with LNC costs $2 to $5 per square meter, far more than many farmers can afford.

Most of these were “gridworlds”—literally two-dimensional grids with objects in some squares.

The median sales price of homes in Cheesman Park is $350,000 with an average of $401 per square foot.

Some longtime local acquaintances are struggling to square the man they know with the ugly associations.

This last trip it had felt as if there were more cameras around Havana than Times Square.

Records describe this house as 6,916 square feet, with six bedrooms and eight bathrooms.

The international media had been waiting on Wenceslas Square since early afternoon.

In the afternoon, about a thousand people marched in protest through the largest Prague square, with police nowhere in sight.

Nowhere can be found a region capable of supporting a larger population to the square mile than Lombardy.

For years his lordship was seldom seen in London, the great house in Grosvenor Square was never opened.

She opened the door of a square room with large roses on the white wall-paper, and fine old mahogany furniture.

I would not just then have traded off that steamboat for several square miles of snow-capped sublimity.

The building, which has five storeys, stands on three sides of a square courtyard, and faces into Edmund Street.

Advertisement

Definitions and idiom definitions from Dictionary.com Unabridged, based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

Idioms from The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement

Browse