corpuscle

[kawr-puh-suh l, -puhs-uh l]
noun
  1. Biology. an unattached cell, especially of a kind that floats freely, as a blood or lymph cell.
  2. Anatomy. a small mass or body forming a more or less distinct part, as the sensory receptors at nerve terminals.
  3. Physical Chemistry. a minute or elementary particle of matter, as an electron, proton, or atom.
  4. any minute particle.
Also cor·pus·cule [kawr-puhs-kyool] /kɔrˈpʌs kyul/.

Origin of corpuscle

1650–60; < Latin corpusculum, equivalent to corpus body + -culum -cle1
Related formscor·pus·cu·lar [kawr-puhs-kyuh-ler] /kɔrˈpʌs kyə lər/, cor·pus·cu·lat·ed [kawr-puhs-kyuh-ley-tid] /kɔrˈpʌs kyəˌleɪ tɪd/, cor·pus·cu·lous, adjectivecor·pus·cu·lar·i·ty [kawr-puhs-kyuh-lar-i-tee] /kɔrˌpʌs kyəˈlær ɪ ti/, nounin·ter·cor·pus·cu·lar, adjectivenon·cor·pus·cu·lar, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for corpuscular

Historical Examples of corpuscular

  • The corpuscular theory, which the famous Newton advocated, is long since abandoned.

  • The late experiments of Dr. Young would incline us to prefer the undulatory to the corpuscular hypothesis.

  • I refer to the effect of an atomic and gravitative Aether upon Newton's corpuscular theory of light.

    Aether and Gravitation

    William George Hooper

  • When we apply the corpuscular theory to the reflection of light we find that it satisfactorily accounts for the phenomenon.

    Aether and Gravitation

    William George Hooper

  • We have up to the present dealt with only two theories of light, the Corpuscular theory and the Undulatory or Wave theory.

    Aether and Gravitation

    William George Hooper


British Dictionary definitions for corpuscular

corpuscle

noun
  1. any cell or similar minute body that is suspended in a fluid, esp any of the red blood corpuscles (erythrocytes) or white blood corpuscles (see leucocytes)See also erythrocyte, leucocyte
  2. anatomy the encapsulated ending of a sensory nerve
  3. physics a discrete particle such as an electron, photon, ion, or atom
  4. Also called: corpuscule (kɔːˈpʌskjuːl) any minute particle
Derived Formscorpuscular (kɔːˈpʌskjʊlə), adjective

Word Origin for corpuscle

C17: from Latin corpusculum a little body, from corpus body
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for corpuscular

corpuscle

n.

1650s, "any small particle," from Latin corpusculum "a puny body; an atom, particle," diminutive of corpus "body" (see corporeal). First applied to blood cells 1845. Related: Corpuscular.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

corpuscular in Medicine

corpuscle

[kôrpə-səl, -pŭs′əl]
n.
  1. An unattached body cell, such as a blood or lymph cell.
  2. A rounded, globular mass of cells, such as the pressure receptor on certain nerve endings.
Related formscor•puscu•lar (kôr-pŭskyə-lər) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

corpuscular in Science

corpuscle

[kôrpə-səl]
  1. Any of various cellular or small multicellular structures in the body, especially a red or white blood cell.
  2. See particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.