[kawr-puh-suh l, -puhs-uh l]
- Biology. an unattached cell, especially of a kind that floats freely, as a blood or lymph cell.
- Anatomy. a small mass or body forming a more or less distinct part, as the sensory receptors at nerve terminals.
- Physical Chemistry. a minute or elementary particle of matter, as an electron, proton, or atom.
- any minute particle.
Also cor·pus·cule [kawr-puhs-kyool] /kɔrˈpʌs kyul/.
Origin of corpuscle
1650–60; < Latin corpusculum, equivalent to corpus body + -culum -cle1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- any cell or similar minute body that is suspended in a fluid, esp any of the red blood corpuscles (erythrocytes) or white blood corpuscles (see leucocytes)See also erythrocyte, leucocyte
- anatomy the encapsulated ending of a sensory nerve
- physics a discrete particle such as an electron, photon, ion, or atom
- Also called: corpuscule (kɔːˈpʌskjuːl) any minute particle
C17: from Latin corpusculum a little body, from corpus body
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for corpuscule
1650s, "any small particle," from Latin corpusculum "a puny body; an atom, particle," diminutive of corpus "body" (see corporeal). First applied to blood cells 1845. Related: Corpuscular.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- An unattached body cell, such as a blood or lymph cell.
- A rounded, globular mass of cells, such as the pressure receptor on certain nerve endings.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Any of various cellular or small multicellular structures in the body, especially a red or white blood cell.
- See particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.