• synonyms


  1. a plant, Vigna unguiculata, extensively cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc.
  2. the seed of this plant, used for food.
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Origin of cowpea

An Americanism dating back to 1810–20; cow1 + pea1
Also called black-eyed pea.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for cowpea


  1. a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing edible pealike seeds: grown for animal fodder and sometimes as human food
  2. Also called: black-eyed pea the seed of this plant
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012