Origin of crop

before 900; Middle English, Old English: “sprout, ear of wheat (or other grain), paunch, crown of a tree”; cognate with German Kropf; see croup2
Related formscrop·less, adjectivenon·crop, adjectiveun·cropped, adjectivewell-cropped, adjective

Synonym study

1. Crop, harvest, produce, yield refer to the return in food obtained from land at the end of a season of growth. Crop, the term common in agricultural and commercial use, denotes the amount produced at one cutting or for one particular season: the potato crop. Harvest denotes either the time of reaping and gathering, or the gathering, or that which is gathered: the season of harvest; to work in a harvest; a ripe harvest. Produce especially denotes household vegetables: Produce from the fields and gardens was taken to market. Yield emphasizes what is given by the land in return for expenditure of time and labor: There was a heavy yield of grain this year.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for crop

Contemporary Examples of crop

Historical Examples of crop

  • Now as for these rotters, I'll plant a crop of fists on their faces.

    The Dramatic Values in Plautus

    Wilton Wallace Blancke

  • Now, every man who was a handful or two short of his crop began to look at us doubtfully.

    The Trail Book

    Mary Austin

  • If he'd been beat off, there'd been trouble; the Stewards have got the other race in their crop a bit yet.

    Thoroughbreds

    W. A. Fraser

  • The soil is hard, and the crop after the expenditure of much toil is often very scanty.

    English Villages

    P. H. Ditchfield

  • I sold my crop on this day se'ennight, and sold it very well.


British Dictionary definitions for crop

crop

noun

the produce of cultivated plants, esp cereals, vegetables, and fruit
  1. the amount of such produce in any particular season
  2. the yield of some other farm producethe lamb crop
a group of products, thoughts, people, etc, appearing at one time or in one seasona crop of new publications
the stock of a thonged whip
short for riding crop
  1. a pouchlike expanded part of the oesophagus of birds, in which food is stored or partially digested before passing on to the gizzard
  2. a similar structure in insects, earthworms, and other invertebrates
the entire tanned hide of an animal
a short cropped hairstyleSee also Eton crop
a notch in or a piece cut out of the ear of an animal
the act of cropping

verb crops, cropping or cropped (mainly tr)

to cut (hair, grass, etc) very short
to cut and collect (mature produce) from the land or plant on which it has been grown
to clip part of (the ear or ears) of (an animal), esp as a means of identification
(also intr) to cause (land) to bear or (of land) to bear or yield a cropthe land cropped well
(of herbivorous animals) to graze on (grass or similar vegetation)
photog to cut off or mask unwanted edges or areas of (a negative or print)
See also crop out, crop up

Word Origin for crop

Old English cropp; related to Old Norse kroppr rump, body, Old High German kropf goitre, Norwegian kröypa to bend
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for crop
n.

Old English cropp "bird's craw," also "head or top of a sprout or herb." The common notion is "protuberance." Cognate with Old High German kropf, Old Norse kroppr. Meaning "harvest product" is c.1300, probably through the verbal meaning "cut off the top of a plant" (c.1200).

v.

"cut off the top of a plant," c.1200, from crop (n.). The general meaning of "to cut off" is mid-15c. Related: Cropped; cropping. Women's fashion crop top is attested from 1984.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with crop

crop

In addition to the idioms beginning with crop

  • crop out
  • crop up

also see:

  • cream of the crop
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.