[kroo-pee-er, -pee-ey; French kroo-pyey]

noun, plural crou·pi·ers [kroo-pee-erz, -pee-eyz; French kroo-pyey] /ˈkru pi ərz, -piˌeɪz; French kruˈpyeɪ/.

an attendant in a gambling casino who rakes in money or chips and pays winners at a gaming table.
an assistant chairperson at a public dinner.

Origin of croupier

1700–10; < French: literally, one who sits behind another on horseback, equivalent to croupe rump (see croup2) + -ier -ier2



adjective, croup·i·er, croup·i·est.

pertaining to or resembling croup.
affected with croup.

Origin of croupy

First recorded in 1825–35; croup1 + -y1
Related formscroup·i·ly, adverbcroup·i·ness, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for croupier

Historical Examples of croupier

  • Caumartin, the first croupier, shot hisself, and Nogeot go mad.

  • And feeling a terrible habitué, he said to the croupier in French: 'Maximum.

    A Great Man

    Arnold Bennett

  • The croupier shifted his weight, then caught the wheel and spun it savagely.

    Police Your Planet

    Lester del Rey

  • She spoke angrily to a croupier who delayed handing her some change.

    Mr. Grex of Monte Carlo

    E. Phillips Oppenheim

  • "The place shall be kept for madame," the croupier whispered.

    Mr. Grex of Monte Carlo

    E. Phillips Oppenheim

British Dictionary definitions for croupier



a person who deals cards, collects bets, etc, at a gaming table

Word Origin for croupier

C18: literally: one who rides behind another, from French croupe croup ²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for croupier

"one who clears the winnings from the table in gambling," 1731, from French croupier (17c.), originally one who rides behind another, on the croup or "rump" of a horse (a word of Germanic origin); hence extended to any one who backs up another; a "second."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper