- an accelerator in which particles are propelled in spiral paths by the use of a constant magnetic field.
Origin of cyclotron
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for cyclotron
Construction on the rest of the cyclotron was resumed in 1945.
After the bombardment is completed the target is removed from the cyclotron.
It may be interesting to note that the π0 meson was discovered with this cyclotron in 1950.
However, Professor Lawrence hoped to reach 100 Mev with the new 184-inch cyclotron.
This tuned circuit, which is called the cyclotron resonator, is shown in Fig. 6.
- a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for cyclotron
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- A type of particle accelerator that accelerates charged subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, in an outwardly spiraling path, greatly increasing their energies. Cyclotrons are used to bring about high-speed particle collisions in order to study subatomic structures. Compare linear accelerator. See also synchrocyclotron. See Note at particle accelerator.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
The first kind of particle accelerator built.
Cyclotrons are now used for special research projects.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.