[ sahy-kluh-tron, sik-luh- ]
/ ˈsaɪ kləˌtrɒn, ˈsɪk lə- /

noun Physics.

an accelerator in which particles are propelled in spiral paths by the use of a constant magnetic field.



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Origin of cyclotron

First recorded in 1930–35; cyclo- + -tron Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

Example sentences from the Web for cyclotron

British Dictionary definitions for cyclotron

/ (ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn) /


a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for cyclotron

[ sīklə-trŏn′ ]

A type of particle accelerator that accelerates charged subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, in an outwardly spiraling path, greatly increasing their energies. Cyclotrons are used to bring about high-speed particle collisions in order to study subatomic structures. Compare linear accelerator. See also synchrocyclotron. See Note at particle accelerator.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Cultural definitions for cyclotron

[ (seye-kluh-tron) ]

The first kind of particle accelerator built.

notes for cyclotron

Cyclotrons are now used for special research projects.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.