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View synonyms for cyclotron

cyclotron

[ sahy-kluh-tron, sik-luh- ]

noun

, Physics.
  1. an accelerator in which particles are propelled in spiral paths by the use of a constant magnetic field.


cyclotron

/ ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn /

noun

  1. a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes


cyclotron

/ klə-trŏn′ /

  1. A type of particle accelerator that accelerates charged subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, in an outwardly spiraling path, greatly increasing their energies. Cyclotrons are used to bring about high-speed particle collisions in order to study subatomic structures.


cyclotron

  1. The first kind of particle accelerator built.


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Notes

Cyclotrons are now used for special research projects.

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Word History and Origins

Origin of cyclotron1

First recorded in 1930–35; cyclo- + -tron

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Example Sentences

They acquired some old scintillators from a lab in Hamburg, leftover particle detectors from Los Alamos National Laboratory, and radiation-blocking iron slabs first used in a cyclotron at Columbia University in the 1950s.

Element 43 was "made" for the first time as a result of bombarding molybdenum with deuterons in the Berkeley cyclotron.

Finally they strike a target inserted into their path or are extracted from the cyclotron for use as an external beam.

The number of revolutions that an ion can make in a conventional cyclotron is limited to about 70 to 100.

Before attempting to discuss this principle, we should first review the operation of a conventional cyclotron.

Ions above the midplane of the cyclotron are directed downward; those below the midplane are directed upward.

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