synchrocyclotron

[ sing-kroh-sahy-kluh-tron, -sik-luh- ]
/ ˌsɪŋ kroʊˈsaɪ kləˌtrɒn, -ˈsɪk lə- /

noun Physics.

a type of cyclotron that synchronizes its accelerating voltage with particle velocity in order to compensate for the relativistic mass increase of the particle as it approaches the speed of light.

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Also called FM cyclotron.
Compare synchrotron.

Origin of synchrocyclotron

First recorded in 1945–50; synchro- + cyclotron
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for synchrocyclotron

  • About 86% of the operating time of the 184-inch synchrocyclotron is devoted to experiments in nuclear physics.

    LRL Accelerators|Lawrence Radiation Laboratory
  • The 184-inch synchrocyclotron has a single dee instead of the double-dee arrangement described above for illustrative purposes.

    LRL Accelerators|Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

British Dictionary definitions for synchrocyclotron

synchrocyclotron
/ (ˌsɪŋkrəʊˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn) /

noun

a type of cyclotron in which the frequency of the electric field is modulated to allow for relativistic effects at high velocities and thus produce higher energies
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for synchrocyclotron

synchrocyclotron
[ sĭng′krō-sīklə-trŏn′ ]

A type of cyclotron that modulates the frequency of the electric fields that accelerate the particles, thereby keeping the accelerating forces synchronized with the particle as its mass increases with velocity due to the effects of relativity, and providing greater energies for the accelerated particles than an unsynchronized cyclotron. Also called frequency modulated cyclotron See also synchrotron. See Note at particle accelerator.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.