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cystine

[ sis-teen, -tin ]
/ ˈsɪs tin, -tɪn /
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noun Biochemistry.
a crystalline amino acid, C6H12O4N2S2, occurring in most proteins, especially the keratins in hair, wool, and horn, and yielding cysteine on reduction.

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Origin of cystine

1835–45; cyst- + -ine2; so called because found in the bladder
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

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British Dictionary definitions for cystine

cystine
/ (ˈsɪstiːn, -tɪn) /

noun
a sulphur-containing amino acid present in proteins: yields two molecules of cysteine on reduction. Formula: HOOCCH(NH 2)CH 2 SSCH 2 CH(NH 2)COOH

Word Origin for cystine

C19: see cysto- (bladder), -ine ²; named from its being discovered in a type of urinary calculus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for cystine

cystine
[ sĭstēn′ ]

n.
A white crystalline amino acid that is found in many proteins, especially keratin, and is the major source of metabolic sulfur.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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