[ damp ]
/ dæmp /
adjective, damp·er, damp·est.
slightly wet; moist: damp weather; a damp towel.
unenthusiastic; dejected; depressed: The welcoming committee gave them a rather damp reception.
moisture; humidity; moist air: damp that goes through your warmest clothes.
a noxious or stifling vapor or gas, especially in a mine.
depression of spirits; dejection.
a restraining or discouraging force or factor.
verb (used with object)
to make damp; moisten.
to check or retard the energy, action, etc., of; deaden; dampen: A series of failures damped her enthusiasm.
to stifle or suffocate; extinguish: to damp a furnace.
Acoustics, Music. to check or retard the action of (a vibrating string); dull; deaden.
Physics. to cause a decrease in amplitude of (successive oscillations or waves).
damp off, to undergo damping-off.
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Origin of damp
1300–50; Middle English (in sense of def. 4); compare Middle Dutch damp, Middle High German dampf vapor, smoke
SYNONYMS FOR damp
ANTONYMS FOR damp
damp·ish, adjectivedamp·ish·ly, adverbdamp·ish·ness, noundamp·ly, adverb
1. Damp, humid, moist mean slightly wet. Damp usually implies slight and extraneous wetness, generally undesirable or unpleasant unless the result of intention: a damp cellar; to put a damp cloth on a patient's forehead. Humid is applied to unpleasant dampness in the air: The air is oppressively humid today. Moist denotes something that is slightly wet, naturally or properly: moist ground; moist leather.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for damp off (1 of 2)
(intr, adverb) (of plants, seedlings, shoots, etc) to be affected by damping off
British Dictionary definitions for damp off (2 of 2)
/ (dæmp) /
slightly wet, as from dew, steam, etc
slight wetness; moisture; humidity
rank air or poisonous gas, esp in a mineSee also firedamp
a discouragement; damper
to make slightly wet
(often foll by down) to stifle or deadento damp one's ardour
(often foll by down) to reduce the flow of air to (a fire) to make it burn more slowly or to extinguish it
physics to reduce the amplitude of (an oscillation or wave)
music to muffle (the sound of an instrument)
See also damp off
Derived Formsdampish, adjectivedamply, adverbdampness, noun
Word Origin for damp
C14: from Middle Low German damp steam; related to Old High German demphen to cause to steam
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012