damping

[dam-ping]
See more synonyms for damping on Thesaurus.com
noun Physics.
  1. a decreasing of the amplitude of an electrical or mechanical wave.
  2. an energy-absorbing mechanism or resistance circuit causing this decrease.
  3. a reduction in the amplitude of an oscillation or vibration as a result of energy being dissipated as heat.

damp

[damp]
adjective, damp·er, damp·est.
  1. slightly wet; moist: damp weather; a damp towel.
  2. unenthusiastic; dejected; depressed: The welcoming committee gave them a rather damp reception.
noun
  1. moisture; humidity; moist air: damp that goes through your warmest clothes.
  2. a noxious or stifling vapor or gas, especially in a mine.
  3. depression of spirits; dejection.
  4. a restraining or discouraging force or factor.
verb (used with object)
  1. to make damp; moisten.
  2. to check or retard the energy, action, etc., of; deaden; dampen: A series of failures damped her enthusiasm.
  3. to stifle or suffocate; extinguish: to damp a furnace.
  4. Acoustics, Music. to check or retard the action of (a vibrating string); dull; deaden.
  5. Physics. to cause a decrease in amplitude of (successive oscillations or waves).
Verb Phrases
  1. damp off, to undergo damping-off.

Origin of damp

1300–50; Middle English (in sense of def. 4); compare Middle Dutch damp, Middle High German dampf vapor, smoke
Related formsdamp·ish, adjectivedamp·ish·ly, adverbdamp·ish·ness, noundamp·ly, adverbdamp·ness, noun
Can be confuseddamp moist (see synonym study at the current entry)damp dampen

Synonyms for damp

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Synonym study

1. Damp, humid, moist mean slightly wet. Damp usually implies slight and extraneous wetness, generally undesirable or unpleasant unless the result of intention: a damp cellar; to put a damp cloth on a patient's forehead. Humid is applied to unpleasant dampness in the air: The air is oppressively humid today. Moist denotes something that is slightly wet, naturally or properly: moist ground; moist leather.

Antonyms for damp

1. dry.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


Examples from the Web for damping

Historical Examples of damping

  • Mr Vernon had recourse to a ruse to assist in damping their spirits.

    Salt Water

    W. H. G. Kingston

  • We neither of us answered, for it seemed like damping his enterprise.

    Devon Boys

    George Manville Fenn

  • These two methods of damping are confined to upright pianos.

    How it Works

    Archibald Williams

  • “I am slow to make discoveries,” said Horrocks grimly, damping her suddenly.

  • Damping the groundwork, except where the ornament is placed, should be avoided.


British Dictionary definitions for damping

damping

noun
  1. moistening or wetting
  2. stifling, as of spirits
  3. electronics the introduction of resistance into a resonant circuit with the result that the sharpness of response at the peak of a frequency is reduced
  4. engineering any method of dispersing energy in a vibrating system

damp

adjective
  1. slightly wet, as from dew, steam, etc
  2. archaic dejected
noun
  1. slight wetness; moisture; humidity
  2. rank air or poisonous gas, esp in a mineSee also firedamp
  3. a discouragement; damper
  4. archaic dejection
verb (tr)
  1. to make slightly wet
  2. (often foll by down) to stifle or deadento damp one's ardour
  3. (often foll by down) to reduce the flow of air to (a fire) to make it burn more slowly or to extinguish it
  4. physics to reduce the amplitude of (an oscillation or wave)
  5. music to muffle (the sound of an instrument)
See also damp off
Derived Formsdampish, adjectivedamply, adverbdampness, noun

Word Origin for damp

C14: from Middle Low German damp steam; related to Old High German demphen to cause to steam
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for damping

damp

v.

late 14c., "to suffocate," from damp (n.). Figurative meaning "to deaden (the spirits, etc.)" attested by 1540s. Meaning "to moisten" is recorded from 1670s. Related: Damped; damping.

damp

adj.

1580s, "dazed," from damp (n.). Meaning "slightly wet" is from 1706. Related: Dampness.

damp

n.

early 14c., "a noxious vapor," perhaps in Old English but there is no record of it. If not, probably from Middle Low German damp; ultimately in either case from Proto-Germanic *dampaz (cf. Old High German damph, German Dampf "vapor;" Old Norse dampi "dust"). Sense of "moisture, humidity" is first certainly attested 1706.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

damping in Science

damping

[dămpĭng]
  1. The action of a substance or of an element in a mechanical or electrical device that gradually reduces the degree of oscillation, vibration, or signal intensity, or prevents it from increasing. For example, sound-proofing technology dampens the oscillations of sound waves. Built-in damping is a crucial design element in technology that involves the creation of oscillations and vibrations.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.