decrement

[ dek-ruh-muh nt ]
/ ˈdɛk rə mənt /

noun

the act or process of decreasing; gradual reduction.
the amount lost by reduction.
Mathematics. a negative increment.
Physics. the ratio of amplitudes of a damped harmonic motion in the course of two successive oscillations.

Nearby words

  1. decree,
  2. decree absolute,
  3. decree nisi,
  4. decree-law,
  5. decreet,
  6. decremental,
  7. decremeter,
  8. decreolize,
  9. decrepit,
  10. decrepitate

Origin of decrement

1475–85; < Latin dēcrēmentum, equivalent to dēcrē(tus) (see decrease) + -mentum -ment

Related formsdec·re·men·tal [dek-ruh-men-tl] /ˌdɛk rəˈmɛn tl/, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for decrement


British Dictionary definitions for decrement

decrement

/ (ˈdɛkrɪmənt) /

noun

the act of decreasing; diminution
maths a negative increment
physics a measure of the damping of an oscillator, expressed by the ratio of the amplitude of a cycle to its amplitude after one period
(of spectra) a sequence of related spectrum lines decaying in intensity, e.g. Balmer decay

Word Origin for decrement

C17: from Latin dēcrēmentum, from dēcrescere to decrease

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for decrement

decrement

n.

1620s, from Latin decrementum "diminution," from stem of decrescere (see decrease).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper