defalcation

[ dee-fal-key-shuh n, -fawl- ]
/ ˌdi fælˈkeɪ ʃən, -fɔl- /

noun Law.

misappropriation of money or funds held by an official, trustee, or other fiduciary.
the sum misappropriated.

Origin of defalcation

1425–75; late Middle English: deduction from wages (< Middle French) < Medieval Latin dēfalcātiōn- (stem of dēfalcātiō) a taking away, equivalent to dēfalcāt(us) (see defalcate) + -iōn- -ion
Related formsnon·de·fal·ca·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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Word Origin and History for defalcation

defalcation


n.

mid-15c., from Medieval Latin defalcationem (nominative defalcatio), noun of action from past participle stem of defalcare, from de- + Latin falx, falcem "sickle, scythe, pruning hook."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper