derrick

[ der-ik ]
/ ˈdɛr ɪk /

noun

Machinery. a jib crane having a boom hinged near the base of the mast so as to rotate about the mast, for moving a load toward or away from the mast by raising or lowering the boom.
Also called oil derrick. the towerlike framework over an oil well or the like.
a boom for lifting cargo, pivoted at its inner end to a ship's mast or kingpost, and raised and supported at its outer end by topping lifts.

verb (used with or without object)

Machinery. luff.

RELATED WORDS

Origin of derrick

originally a hangman, the gallows, after the surname of a well-known Tyburn hangman, circa 1600
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for derrick

British Dictionary definitions for derrick

derrick

/ (ˈdɛrɪk) /

noun

a simple crane having lifting tackle slung from a boom
the framework erected over an oil well to enable drill tubes to be raised and lowered

verb

to raise or lower the jib of (a crane)

Word Origin for derrick

C17 (in the sense: gallows): from Derrick, name of a celebrated hangman at Tyburn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for derrick

derrick


n.

c.1600, originally "hangman," then "a gallows," then "hoist, crane" (1727), from surname of a hangman at Tyburn gallows, London, c.1606-1608, often referred to in contemporary theater. The name represents a late borrowing from the Low Countries (cf. Dutch Diederik) of Old High German Theodric.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper