- (sometimes initial capital letter)the supreme spirit of evil; Satan.
- a subordinate evil spirit at enmity with God, and having power to afflict humans both with bodily disease and with spiritual corruption.
- an atrociously wicked, cruel, or ill-tempered person.
- a person who is very clever, energetic, reckless, or mischievous.
- a person, usually one in unfortunate or pitiable circumstances: The poor devil kept losing jobs through no fault of his own.
- Also called printer's devil. Printing. a young worker below the level of apprentice in a printing office.
- any of various mechanical devices, as a machine for tearing rags, a machine for manufacturing wooden screws, etc.
- Nautical. (in deck or hull planking) any of various seams difficult to caulk because of form or position.
- any of various portable furnaces or braziers used in construction and foundry work.
- the devil, (used as an emphatic expletive or mild oath to express disgust, anger, astonishment, negation, etc.): What the devil do you mean by that?
- to annoy; harass; pester: to devil Mom and Dad for a new car.
- to tear (rags, cloth, etc.) with a devil.
- Cookery. to prepare (food, usually minced) with hot or savory seasoning: to devil eggs.
- between the devil and the deep (blue) sea, between two undesirable alternatives; in an unpleasant dilemma.
- devil of a, extremely difficult or annoying; hellish: I had a devil of a time getting home through the snow.
- give the devil his due, to give deserved credit even to a person one dislikes: To give the devil his due, you must admit that she is an excellent psychologist.
- go to the devil,
- to fail completely; lose all hope or chance of succeeding.
- to become depraved.
- (an expletive expressing annoyance, disgust, impatience, etc.)
- let the devil take the hindmost, to leave the least able or fortunate persons to suffer adverse consequences; leave behind or to one's fate: They ran from the pursuing mob and let the devil take the hindmost.
- play the devil with, to ruin completely; spoil: The financial crisis played the devil with our investment plans.
- raise the devil,
- to cause a commotion or disturbance.
- to celebrate wildly; revel.
- to make an emphatic protest or take drastic measures.
- the devil to pay, trouble to be faced; mischief in the offing: If conditions don't improve, there will be the devil to pay.
Origin of devil
- theol (often capital) the chief spirit of evil and enemy of God, often represented as the ruler of hell and often depicted as a human figure with horns, cloven hoofs, and tail
- theol one of the subordinate evil spirits of traditional Jewish and Christian belief
- a person or animal regarded as cruel, wicked, or ill-natured
- a person or animal regarded as unfortunate or wretchedthat poor devil was ill for months
- a person or animal regarded as clever, daring, mischievous, or energetic
- informal something difficult or annoying
- Christian Science the opposite of truth; an error, lie, or false belief in sin, sickness, and death
- (in Malaysia) a ghost
- a portable furnace or brazier, esp one used in road-making or one used by plumbersCompare salamander (def. 7)
- any of various mechanical devices, usually with teeth, such as a machine for making wooden screws or a rag-tearing machine
- See printer's devil
- law (in England) a junior barrister who does work for another in order to gain experience, usually for a half fee
- meteorol a small whirlwind in arid areas that raises dust or sand in a column
- between the devil and the deep blue sea between equally undesirable alternatives
- devil of informal (intensifier)a devil of a fine horse
- give the devil his due to acknowledge the talent or the success of an opponent or unpleasant person
- go to the devil
- to fail or become dissipated
- (interjection)used to express annoyance with the person causing it
- like the devil with great speed, determination, etc
- play the devil with informal to make much worse; upset considerablythe damp plays the devil with my rheumatism
- raise the devil
- to cause a commotion
- to make a great protest
- talk of the devil! or speak of the devil! (interjection) used when an absent person who has been the subject of conversation appears
- the devil! (intensifier :)
- used in such phrases as what the devil, where the devil, etc
- an exclamation of anger, surprise, disgust, etc
- the devil's own a very difficult or problematic (thing)
- the devil take the hindmost or let the devil take the hindmost look after oneself and leave others to their fate
- the devil to pay problems or trouble to be faced as a consequence of an action
- the very devil something very difficult or awkward
- (tr) to prepare (esp meat, poultry, or fish) by coating with a highly flavoured spiced paste or mixture of condiments before cooking
- (tr) to tear (rags) with a devil
- (intr) to serve as a printer's devil
- (intr) mainly British to do hackwork, esp for a lawyer or author; perform arduous tasks, often without pay or recognition of one's services
- (tr) US informal to harass, vex, torment, etc
Word Origin for devil
Old English deofol "evil spirit, a devil, the devil, false god, diabolical person," from Late Latin diabolus (also the source of Italian diavolo, French diable, Spanish diablo; German Teufel is Old High German tiufal, from Latin via Gothic diabaulus).
The Late Latin word is from Ecclesiastical Greek diabolos, in Jewish and Christian use, "Devil, Satan" (scriptural loan-translation of Hebrew satan), in general use "accuser, slanderer," from diaballein "to slander, attack," literally "throw across," from dia- "across, through" + ballein "to throw" (see ballistics). Jerome re-introduced Satan in Latin bibles, and English translators have used both in different measures.
In Vulgate, as in Greek, diabolus and dæmon (see demon) were distinct, but they have merged in English and other Germanic languages.
Playful use for "clever rogue" is from c.1600. Meaning "sand spout, dust storm" is from 1835. In U.S. place names, the word often represents a native word such as Algonquian manito, more properly "spirit, god." Phrase a devil way (late 13c.) was originally an emphatic form of away, but taken by late 14c. as an expression of irritation.
Devil's books "playing cards" is from 1729, but the cited quote says they've been called that "time out of mind" (the four of clubs is the devil's bedposts); devil's coach-horse is from 1840, the large rove-beetle, which is defiant when disturbed. "Talk of the Devil, and he's presently at your elbow" [1660s].
devil of a
Also, one devil or the devil of a; hell of a. Infernally annoying or difficult, as in This is a devil of an assembly job, or She had one devil of a time getting through the traffic, or I had a hell of a morning sitting in that doctor's office. The first expression dates from the mid-1700s. The variant is a couple of decades newer and its precise meaning depends on the context. For example, We had a hell of a time getting here invariably means we had a very difficult or annoying time, but He is one hell of a driver could mean that he is either very good or very bad (see hell of a, def. 2).
In addition to the idioms beginning with devil
- devil and deep blue sea
- devil of a
- devil take the hindmost, the
- devil to pay, the
- between a rock and a hard place (devil and deep blue sea)
- full of it (the devil)
- give someone hell (the devil)
- give the devil his due
- go to hell (the devil)
- luck of the devil
- play the devil with
- raise Cain (the devil)
- speak of the devil