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See more synonyms for dextrose on Thesaurus.com
noun Biochemistry.
  1. dextroglucose, commercially obtainable from starch by acid hydrolysis.
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Origin of dextrose

First recorded in 1865–70; dextr- + -ose2
Also called corn sugar, grape sugar.
Can be confuseddextrose dextrous
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words


Examples from the Web for dextrose

Historical Examples

  • In the case of dextrose, &c., the yields represent the weight of syrup.

    Researches on Cellulose

    C. F. Cross

  • It appears to be resolved by ultimate hydrolysis into dextrose and mannose.

  • That is, sucrose is converted into levulose and dextrose sugars.

  • On saponifying, it is split up into digitogenin, galactose, and dextrose.

  • Sugar (dextrose) is present in the same concentration as in the blood.

British Dictionary definitions for dextrose


  1. a white soluble sweet-tasting crystalline solid that is the dextrorotatory isomer of glucose, occurring widely in fruit, honey, and in the blood and tissue of animals. Formula: C 6 H 12 O 6Also called: grape sugar, dextroglucose
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for dextrose


1867, shortened from dextro-glucose, from dextro- "right" + -ose (2), chemical suffix indicating a sugar. So called because this form of glucose polarizes light to the right in spectroscopy.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

dextrose in Medicine


  1. The dextrorotatory form of glucose found naturally in animal and plant tissue and derived synthetically from starch.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

dextrose in Science


  1. A sugar that is the most common form of glucose. It is found in plant and animal tissues and also derived from starch. Dextrose is the dextrorotatory form of glucose.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.