dismal

[ diz-muhl ]
/ ˈdɪz məl /

adjective

causing gloom or dejection; gloomy; dreary; cheerless; melancholy: dismal weather.
characterized by ineptness or lack of skill, competence, effectiveness, imagination, or interest; pitiful: Our team played a dismal game.
Obsolete.
  1. disastrous; calamitous.
  2. unlucky; sinister.

noun

Southern U.S. a tract of swampy land, usually along the coast.

Nearby words

  1. dislocation,
  2. dislocation fracture,
  3. dislodge,
  4. disloyal,
  5. disloyalty,
  6. dismal science,
  7. dismal swamp,
  8. dismally,
  9. dismantle,
  10. dismast

Origin of dismal

1275–1325; Middle English dismale unlucky time, dismol day one of two days in each month considered unlucky (hence later taken as adj.) < Anglo-French dis mal < Medieval Latin diēs malī literally, evil days

Related formsdis·mal·ly, adverbdis·mal·ness, dis·mal·i·ty, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for dismal


British Dictionary definitions for dismal

dismal

/ (ˈdɪzməl) /

adjective

causing gloom or depression
causing dismay or terror
of poor quality or a low standard; feeble
Derived Formsdismally, adverbdismalness, noun

Word Origin for dismal

C13: from dismal (noun) list of 24 unlucky days in the year, from Medieval Latin diēs malī bad days, from Latin diēs day + malus bad

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for dismal

dismal

adj.

c.1400, from Anglo-French dismal (mid-13c.), from Old French (li) dis mals "(the) bad days," from Medieval Latin dies mali "evil or unlucky days" (also called dies Ægyptiaci), from Latin dies "days" (see diurnal) + mali, plural of malus "bad" (see mal-).

Through the Middle Ages, calendars marked two days of each month as unlucky, supposedly based on the ancient calculations of Egyptian astrologers (Jan. 1, 25; Feb. 4, 26; March 1, 28; April 10, 20; May 3, 25; June 10, 16; July 13, 22; Aug. 1, 30; Sept. 3, 21; Oct. 3, 22; Nov. 5, 28; Dec. 7, 22). Modern sense of "gloomy, dreary" first recorded in English 1590s, in reference to sounds. Related: Dismally.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper