distended

[ dih-sten-did ]
/ dɪˈstɛn dɪd /

adjective

increased, as in size, volume, etc.; expanded; dilated: the distended nostrils of the terrified horse.
swollen, by or as by internal pressure, out of normal size or shape; protuberant: distended wineskins; the distended arteries of his neck.

Origin of distended

First recorded in 1590–1600; distend + -ed2
Related formsdis·tend·ed·ly, adverbdis·tend·ed·ness, noun

Definition for distended (2 of 2)

distend

[ dih-stend ]
/ dɪˈstɛnd /

verb (used with or without object)

to expand by stretching, as something hollow or elastic: Habitual overeating had distended his stomach.
to spread in all directions; expand; swell: The sea distended about them.

Origin of distend

1375–1425; late Middle English (< Anglo-French destendre) < Latin distendere, equivalent to dis- dis-1 + tendere to stretch
SYNONYMS FOR distend
1 See expand.
1, 2 enlarge, bloat.
Related formsdis·tend·er, nouno·ver·dis·tend, verbun·dis·tend, verb (used with object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for distended

British Dictionary definitions for distended

distend

/ (dɪˈstɛnd) /

verb

to expand or be expanded by or as if by pressure from within; swell; inflate
(tr) to stretch out or extend
(tr) to magnify in importance; exaggerate
Derived Formsdistender, noundistensible, adjectivedistensibility, noundistension or distention, noun

Word Origin for distend

C14: from Latin distendere, from dis- 1 + tendere to stretch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for distended

distend


v.

c.1400, from Latin distendere "to swell or stretch out, extend," from dis- "apart" (see dis-) + tendere "to stretch" (see tenet). Related: Distended; distending.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for distended

distend

[ dĭ-stĕnd ]

v.

To swell out or expand or cause to swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.