increased, as in size, volume, etc.; expanded; dilated: the distended nostrils of the terrified horse.
swollen, by or as by internal pressure, out of normal size or shape; protuberant: distended wineskins; the distended arteries of his neck.
Origin of distended
Related formsdis·tend·ed·ly, adverbdis·tend·ed·ness, noun
First recorded in 1590–1600; distend
verb (used with or without object)
to expand by stretching, as something hollow or elastic: Habitual overeating had distended his stomach.
to spread in all directions; expand; swell: The sea distended about them.
Origin of distend
1375–1425; late Middle EnglishRelated formsdis·tend·er, nouno·ver·dis·tend, verbun·dis·tend, verb (used with object)
(< Anglo-French destendre
) < Latin distendere,
equivalent to dis- dis-1
Synonyms for distend
. See expand
. 1, 2
. enlarge, bloat.
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for distended
Historical Examples of distended
I spin the finest wool of our flocks, and drain the distended udders of our cows.
The horse, with lathering neck and distended nostrils, paused before them.
Mills emitted an enormous cloud of smoke out of his distended cheeks.
They shuddered, whinnied, glared with distended, bloodshot eyes.
To begin with he distended himself so that he could not sink at all.
British Dictionary definitions for distended
Derived Formsdistender, noundistensible, adjectivedistensibility, noundistension or distention, noun
to expand or be expanded by or as if by pressure from within; swell; inflate
(tr) to stretch out or extend
(tr) to magnify in importance; exaggerate
Word Origin for distend
C14: from Latin distendere, from dis- 1 + tendere to stretch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for distended
c.1400, from Latin distendere "to swell or stretch out, extend," from dis- "apart" (see dis-) + tendere "to stretch" (see tenet). Related: Distended; distending.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
To swell out or expand or cause to swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.