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document

[noun dok-yuh-muh nt; verb dok-yuh-ment]
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noun
  1. a written or printed paper furnishing information or evidence, as a passport, deed, bill of sale, or bill of lading; a legal or official paper.
  2. any written item, as a book, article, or letter, especially of a factual or informative nature.
  3. a computer data file.
  4. Archaic. evidence; proof.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to furnish with documents.
  2. to furnish with references, citations, etc., in support of statements made: a carefully documented biography.
  3. to support by documentary evidence: to document a case.
  4. Nautical. to provide (a vessel) with a certificate giving particulars concerning nationality, ownership, tonnage, dimensions, etc.
  5. Obsolete. to instruct.
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Origin of document

1400–50; late Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Latin documentum example (as precedent, warning, etc.), equivalent to doc- (stem of docēre to teach) + -u- (variant of -i- -i- before labials) + -mentum -ment
Related formsdoc·u·ment·a·ble [dok-yuh-men-tuh-buh l, dok-yuh-men-] /ˈdɒk yəˌmɛn tə bəl, ˌdɒk yəˈmɛn-/, adjectivedoc·u·ment·er, nounnon·doc·u·ment·ed, adjective, nounre·doc·u·ment, verb (used with object)well-doc·u·ment·ed, adjective

Synonyms

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6. corroborate, verify, substantiate, validate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for document

document

noun (ˈdɒkjʊmənt)
  1. a piece of paper, booklet, etc, providing information, esp of an official or legal nature
  2. a piece of text or text and graphics stored in a computer as a file for manipulation by document processing software
  3. archaic evidence; proof
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verb (ˈdɒkjʊˌmɛnt) (tr)
  1. to record or report in detail, as in the press, on television, etcthe trial was well documented by the media
  2. to support (statements in a book) with citations, references, etc
  3. to support (a claim, etc) with evidence or proof
  4. to furnish (a vessel) with official documents specifying its ownership, registration, weight, dimensions, and function
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Word Origin

C15: from Latin documentum a lesson, from docēre to teach
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for document

n.

early 15c., "teaching, instruction," from Old French document (13c.) "lesson, written evidence," from Latin documentum "example, proof, lesson," in Medieval Latin "official written instrument," from docere "to show, teach" (see doctor (n.)). Meaning "something written that provides proof or evidence" is from early 18c. Related: Documents.

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v.

1640s, "to teach;" see document (n.). Meaning "to support by documentary evidence" is from 1711. Related: Documented; documenting.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper