Origin of dolmen
Examples from the Web for dolmen
The church is laid out like a dolmen, and the towers are the menhirs.Rodin: The Man and his Art|Judith Cladel
I have represented Mago as sacrificing in a dolmen in the form of a covered avenue below a tumulus.The Adventures of Captain Mago|Lon Cahun
The custom of burning the body commenced in the Stone Age, before the long barrow or the dolmen had passed out of use.
We do at least know that the dolmen was raised above a burial, in the one instance of Zennor above two.Nooks and Corners of Cornwall|C. A. Dawson Scott
Menhirs are still erected by the dolmen builders on the Brama-pootra, the Khassias, and always in commemoration of the dead.A Book of the West. Volume I Devon|S. Baring-Gould
British Dictionary definitions for dolmen
Word Origin for dolmen
Word Origin and History for dolmen
1859, from French dolmin applied 1796 by French general and antiquarian Théophile Malo Corret de La Tour d'Auvergne (1743-1800), perhaps from Cornish tolmen "enormous stone slab set up on supporting points," such that a man may walk under it, literally "hole of stone," from Celtic men "stone."
Some suggest the first element may be Breton taol "table," a loan-word from Latin tabula "board, plank," but the Breton form of this compound would be taolvean. "There is reason to think that this [tolmen] is the word inexactly reproduced by Latour d'Auvergne as dolmin, and misapplied by him and succeeding French archaeologists to the cromlech" [OED]. See cromlech, which is properly an upright flat stone, often arranged as one of a circle.