1. fate or destiny, especially adverse fate; unavoidable ill fortune: In exile and poverty, he met his doom.
  2. ruin; death: to fall to one's doom.
  3. a judgment, decision, or sentence, especially an unfavorable one: The judge pronounced the defendant's doom.
  4. the Last Judgment, at the end of the world.
  5. Obsolete. a statute, enactment, or legal judgment.
verb (used with object)
  1. to destine, especially to an adverse fate.
  2. to pronounce judgment against; condemn.
  3. to ordain or fix as a sentence or fate.

Origin of doom

before 900; Middle English dome, dōm, Old English dōm judgment, law; cognate with Old Norse dōmr, Gothic dōms; compare Sanskrit dhā́man, Greek thémis law; see do1, deem
Related formsdoom·y, adjectivepre·doom, verb (used with object)self-doomed, adjective

Synonyms for doom

1. See fate. 3. condemnation. 6. predestine. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for doomy


adjective informal
  1. despondent or pessimistic
  2. depressing, frightening, or chilling
Derived Formsdoomily, adverb


  1. death or a terrible fate
  2. a judgment or decision
  3. (sometimes capital) another term for the Last Judgment
  1. (tr) to destine or condemn to death or a terrible fate

Word Origin for doom

Old English dōm; related to Old Norse dōmr judgment, Gothic dōms sentence, Old High German tuom condition, Greek thomos crowd, Sanskrit dhāman custom; see do 1, deem, deed, -dom
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for doomy



Old English dom "law, judgment, condemnation," from Proto-Germanic *domaz (cf. Old Saxon and Old Frisian dom, Old Norse domr, Old High German tuom, Gothic doms "judgment, decree"), from PIE root *dhe- (cf. Sanskrit dhaman- "law," Greek themis "law," Lithuanian dome "attention"), literally "to set, put" (see factitious). A book of laws in Old English was a dombec. Modern sense of "fate, ruin, destruction" is c.1600, from the finality of the Christian Judgment Day.



late 14c., from doom (n.). Related: Doomed; dooming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper