[ dohs ]
See synonyms for: dosedoseddosing on

  1. a quantity of medicine prescribed to be taken at one time.

  2. a substance, situation, or quantity of anything analogous to medicine, especially of something disagreeable: Failing the exam was a hard dose to swallow.

  1. an amount of sugar added in the production of champagne.

  2. Physics.

    • Also called ab·sorbed dose. the quantity of ionizing radiation absorbed by a unit mass of matter, especially living tissue, measured in grays: although increasingly disfavored, in the U.S. an absorbed dose may still be measured in rads.

  3. Slang. a case of gonorrhea or syphilis.

verb (used with object),dosed, dos·ing.
  1. to administer in or apportion for doses.

  2. to give a dose of medicine to.

  1. to add sugar to (champagne) during production.

verb (used without object),dosed, dos·ing.
  1. to take a dose of medicine.

Origin of dose

First recorded in 1590–1600; French , from Late Latin dosis, from Greek dósis “a giving, gift,” derivative of didónai “to give”

Other words from dose

  • doser, noun
  • su·per·dose, noun
  • un·der·dose, noun
  • un·der·dose, verb (used with object), un·der·dosed, un·der·dos·ing.
  • well-dosed, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use dose in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for dose


/ (dəʊs) /

  1. med a specific quantity of a therapeutic drug or agent taken at any one time or at specified intervals

  2. informal something unpleasant to experience: a dose of influenza

  1. Also called: dosage the total energy of ionizing radiation absorbed by unit mass of material, esp of living tissue; usually measured in grays (SI unit) or rads

  2. Also called: dosage a small amount of syrup added to wine, esp sparkling wine, when the sediment is removed and the bottle is corked

  3. slang a venereal infection, esp gonorrhoea

  4. like a dose of salts very quickly indeed

  1. to administer a dose or doses to (someone)

  2. med to give (a therapeutic drug or agent) in appropriate quantities

  1. (often foll by up) to give (someone, esp oneself) drugs, medicine, etc, esp in large quantities

  2. to add syrup to (wine) during bottling

Origin of dose

C15: from French, from Late Latin dosis, from Greek: a giving, from didonai to give

Derived forms of dose

  • doser, noun

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012