- draughts, (used with a singular verb) British. the game of checkers.
- Chiefly British. draft(defs 1, 3–10, 18–25, 38).
- Chiefly British. draft(defs 28–32).
- Chiefly British. draft(def 33).
- Chiefly British. draft(defs 35–37).
Origin of draught
- a small, usually red or black disk of plastic or wood, used in playing checkers.
- Also called, British, draughts.(used with a singular verb)a game played by two persons, each with 12 playing pieces, on a checkerboard.
- (in a regenerative furnace) loosely stacked brickwork through which furnace gases and incoming air are passed in turn, so that the heat of the exhaust is absorbed and later transferred to the incoming air.
- a checkered pattern.
- one of the squares of a checkered pattern.
- to mark like a checkerboard.
- to diversify in color; variegate.
- to diversify in character; subject to alternations: Sorrow and joy have checkered his life.
Origin of checker1
- a drawing, sketch, or design.
- a first or preliminary form of any writing, subject to revision, copying, etc.
- act of drawing; delineation.
- a current of air in any enclosed space, especially in a room, chimney, or stove.
- a current of air moving in an upward or downward direction.
- a device for regulating the current of air in a stove, fireplace, etc.
- an act of drawing or pulling loads.
- something that is drawn or pulled; a haul.
- an animal or team of animals used to pull a load.
- the force required to pull a load.
- the taking of supplies, forces, money, etc., from a given source.
- a selection or drawing of persons, by lot or otherwise, from the general body of the people for military service; levy; conscription.
- the persons so selected.
- Sports. a selecting or drawing of new players from a choice group of amateur players by professional teams, especially a system of selecting new players so that each team in a professional league receives some of the most promising players.
- British. a selection of persons already in military service to be sent from one post or organization to another; detachment.
- a written order drawn by one person upon another; a writing directing the payment of money on account of the drawer; bill of exchange.
- a drain or demand made on anything.
- draft beer.
- an act of drinking or inhaling.
- something that is taken in by drinking or inhaling; a drink; dose.
- a quantity of fish caught.
- Nautical. the depth to which a vessel is immersed when bearing a given load.
- Also called leave. Metallurgy. the slight taper given to a pattern so that it may be drawn from the sand without injury to the mold.
- the change in sectional area of a piece of work caused by a rolling or drawing operation.
- a taper on a die or punch permitting it to be withdrawn readily from the work.
- Masonry. a line or border chiseled at the edge of a stone, to serve as a guide in leveling the surfaces.
- the degree of attenuation produced in fibers during yarn processing, expressed either by the ratio of the weight of raw to the weight of processed fiber, or by the ratio between the varying surface speeds of the rollers on the carding machine.
- the act of attenuating the fibers.
- an allowance granted to a buyer for waste of goods sold by weight.
- to draw the outlines or plan of; sketch.
- to draw up in written form; compose.
- to draw or pull.
- to take or select by draft, especially for military service.
- Masonry. to cut a draft on.
- to do mechanical drawing; work as a draftsman.
- (in an automobile race) to drive or ride close behind another car so as to benefit from the reduction in air pressure created behind the car ahead.
- used or suited for drawing loads: a draft horse.
- drawn or available to be drawn from a cask rather than served from a sealed bottle: draft ale.
- being a tentative or preliminary outline, version, design, or sketch.
- on draft, available to be drawn from a cask rather than from a sealed bottle: imported beer on draft.
Origin of draft
Examples from the Web for draughts
Everything was open in his poor room, which was all cracks and draughts.Perez the Mouse
May I infer this to be the knowledge of the game of draughts?Charmides
The sugar should be spun in a place free from draughts and in clear and dry weather.Desserts and Salads
Draughts, however, should be avoided or stems and berries will shrivel.Manual of American Grape-Growing
U. P. Hedrick
You know how warm it always is in there, and there are no draughts.Mark Twain, A Biography, 1835-1910, Complete
Albert Bigelow Paine
- (functioning as singular) a game for two players using a draughtboard and 12 draughtsmen each. The object is to jump over and capture the opponent's piecesUS and Canadian name: checkers
- the usual US spelling of chequer
- textiles a variant spelling of chequer (def. 2)
- US and Canadian any one of the 12 flat thick discs used by each player in the game of checkersAlso called (in Britain and certain other countries): draughtsman
- a cashier, esp in a supermarket
- an attendant in a cloakroom, left-luggage office, etc
- a plan, sketch, or drawing of something
- a preliminary outline of a book, speech, etc
- another word for bill of exchange
- a demand or drain on something
- the divergent duct leading from a water turbine to its tailrace
- US selection for compulsory military service
- detachment of military personnel from one unit to another
- commerce an allowance on merchandise sold by weight
- a line or narrow border that is chiselled on the surface of a stone to serve as a guide for levelling it
- Australian and NZ a group of livestock separated from the rest of the herd or flock
- to draw up an outline or sketch for somethingto draft a speech
- to prepare a plan or design of
- to detach (military personnel) from one unit to another
- mainly US to select for compulsory military service
- to chisel a draft on (stone, etc)
- Australian and NZ
- to select (cattle or sheep) from a herd or flock
- to select (farm stock) for sale
- a current of air, esp one intruding into an enclosed space
- the act of pulling a load, as by a vehicle or animal
- (as modifier)a draught horse
- the load or quantity drawn
- a portion of liquid to be drunk, esp a dose of medicine
- the act or an instance of drinking; a gulp or swallow
- the act or process of drawing air, smoke, etc, into the lungs
- the amount of air, smoke, etc, inhaled in one breath
- beer, wine, etc, stored in bulk, esp in a cask, as opposed to being bottled
- (as modifier)draught beer
- on draughtdrawn from a cask or keg
- Also called: draughtsman any one of the 12 flat thick discs used by each player in the game of draughtsUS and Canadian equivalent: checker
- the depth of a loaded vessel in the water, taken from the level of the waterline to the lowest point of the hull
- feel the draught to be short of money
Word Origin and History for draughts
mid-13c., "game of chess (or checkers);" c.1300, "a chessboard, board with 64 squares for playing chess or similar games; a set of chessmen" a shortening of Old French eschequier "chessboard; a game of chess," from Medieval Latin scaccarium (see check (n.)).
Meaning "pattern of squares" is late 14c. Meaning "a man or marker in the game of checkers" is from 1864. British prefers chequer. From late 14c. as "a checked design." The word had earlier senses of "table covered with checked cloth for counting" (late 12c. in Anglo-Latin), a sense also in Old French (see checker (n.2)).
c.1500, spelling variant of draught (q.v.) to reflect change in pronunciation. Among the senses that have gone with this form of the word in American English, the meaning "rough copy of a writing" (something "drawn") is attested from 14c.; that of "preliminary sketch from which a final copy is made" is from 1520s; that of "flow of a current of air" is from c.1770. Of beer from the 1830s, in reference to the method of "drawing" it from the cask. Sense in bank draft is from 1745. The meaning "a drawing off a group for special duty" is from 1703, in U.S. especially of military service; the verb in this sense first recorded 1714. Related: Drafted; drafting.
"table covered with a checked cloth," specialized sense of checker (n.1), late 14c. (in Anglo-Latin from c.1300); especially a table for counting money or keeping accounts (revenue reckoned with counters); later extended to "the fiscal department of the English Crown; the Exchequer (mid-14c.; in Anglo-Latin from late 12c.).
- A measured portion of a liquid or aerosol medication; a dose.
A preliminary version of a book, speech, essay, or outline.
A system for selecting young men for compulsory military service, administered in the United States by the Selective Service System. At present the United States relies on a volunteer military and does not have a draft, though young men are required by law to register with the Selective Service. (See also conscientious objector and draft dodger.)