duma

[ doo-muh ]
/ ˈdu mə /

noun

(in Russia prior to 1917) a council or official assembly.
(initial capital letter) an elective legislative assembly, established in 1905 by Nicholas II, constituting the lower house of parliament.

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Also douma.

Origin of duma

1865–70; < Russian, Old Russian dúma assembly, council (an early homonym with dúma thought); cognate with Bulgarian dúma word, Slovak duma meditation; Slavic *dum- probably < Gothic dōms judgment (see doom)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

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British Dictionary definitions for duma

duma

douma

/ Russian (ˈduːmə) /

noun Russian history

(usually capital) the elective legislative assembly established by Tsar Nicholas II in 1905: overthrown by the Bolsheviks in 1917
(before 1917) any official assembly or council
short for State Duma, the lower chamber of the Russian parliament

Word Origin for duma

C20: from duma thought, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic dōms judgment
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012