dysentery [ dis- uh n-ter-ee ] SHOW IPA / ˈdɪs ənˌtɛr i / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun . Pathology an infectious disease marked by inflammation and ulceration of the lower part of the bowels, with diarrhea that becomes mucous and hemorrhagic. Nearby words dyschronogenic
dysfluency Origin of dysentery 1350–1400;
Medieval Latin dysenteria
) bad bowels (see
Middle English dissenterie
Old French Related forms dys·en·ter·ic, adjective post·dys·en·ter·ic, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for dysentery
In the 18th century, German immigrants coming to Pennsylvania boarded ships plagued with typhus,
dysentery, smallpox, and scurvy.
I got drunk, sunstroke, and
dysentery,” laughs Robert, “but I also got the girl.
She ended up in prison on the island of Saipan where she either was executed or died of
At last, 17 days after he left his summer palace, His Holiness, seriously ill with
dysentery, crossed the Indian border.
They inhabit the intestine of man and animals, and cause, in some instances,
The most common diseases are
dysentery, intermittent fever, and heart and liver complaints.
This man declared that the count was suffering from an attack of
dysentery, and made him drink a potion which he prepared at once.
More cattle were killed, but beef without other food did not satisfy the hungry, and the epidemic of
dysentery grew worse.
A bullet for one, shrapnel for another,
dysentery for a third, a bayonet or death from weakness and starvation. British Dictionary definitions for dysentery noun infection of the intestine with bacteria or amoebae, marked chiefly by severe diarrhoea with the passage of mucus and blood Derived Forms dysenteric ( ˌdɪs), ənˈtɛrɪk adjective Word Origin for dysentery
C14: via Latin from Greek
dusenteria, from dusentera, literally: bad bowels, from dys- + enteron intestine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for dysentery n.
dissenterie, from Old French disentere (13c.), from Latin dysenteria, from Greek dysenteria, coined by Hippocrates, from dys- "bad, abnormal, difficult" (see dys-) + entera "intestines, bowels" (see inter-). Related: Dysenteric.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for dysentery n. An inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract, usually caused by a bacterial, parasitic, or protozoan infection and resulting in pain, fever, and severe diarrhea, often accompanied by the passage of blood and mucus. Related forms dys′en•ter ′ic adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for dysentery A gastrointestinal disease characterized by severe, often bloody diarrhea, usually caused by infection with bacteria or parasites.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Culture definitions for dysentery Note
Dysentery can be transmitted by contact with water or food that has been contaminated by human waste. Public health and sanitation procedures in developed countries, however, have largely eliminated this means of transmission.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.