Pathology. an infectious disease marked by inflammation and ulceration of the lower part of the bowels, with diarrhea that becomes mucous and hemorrhagic.
Origin of dysentery
1350–1400;Related formsdys·en·ter·ic, adjectivepost·dys·en·ter·ic, adjective
< Medieval Latin dysenteria
equivalent to dysénter(a
) bad bowels (see dys-
) + -ia -ia
; replacing Middle English dissenterie
< Old French
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for dysentery
Contemporary Examples of dysentery
In the 18th century, German immigrants coming to Pennsylvania boarded ships plagued with typhus, dysentery, smallpox, and scurvy.
I got drunk, sunstroke, and dysentery,” laughs Robert, “but I also got the girl.
She ended up in prison on the island of Saipan where she either was executed or died of dysentery.
At last, 17 days after he left his summer palace, His Holiness, seriously ill with dysentery, crossed the Indian border.
Historical Examples of dysentery
British Dictionary definitions for dysentery
Derived Formsdysenteric (ˌdɪsənˈtɛrɪk), adjective
infection of the intestine with bacteria or amoebae, marked chiefly by severe diarrhoea with the passage of mucus and blood
Word Origin for dysentery
C14: via Latin from Greek dusenteria, from dusentera, literally: bad bowels, from dys- + enteron intestine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for dysentery
late 14c., dissenterie, from Old French disentere (13c.), from Latin dysenteria, from Greek dysenteria, coined by Hippocrates, from dys- "bad, abnormal, difficult" (see dys-) + entera "intestines, bowels" (see inter-). Related: Dysenteric.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Related formsdys′en•ter′ic adj.
An inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract, usually caused by a bacterial, parasitic, or protozoan infection and resulting in pain, fever, and severe diarrhea, often accompanied by the passage of blood and mucus.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
A gastrointestinal disease characterized by severe, often bloody diarrhea, usually caused by infection with bacteria or parasites.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Dysentery can be transmitted by contact with water or food that has been contaminated by human waste. Public health and sanitation procedures in developed countries, however, have largely eliminated this means of transmission.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.