• synonyms


  1. ancient name of Hamadan.
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  1. an ancient country in W Asia, S of the Caspian Sea, corresponding generally to NW Iran. Capital: Ecbatana.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for ecbatana

Historical Examples

  • Wilt thou allow search to be made in the house of the rolls at Ecbatana?

    An Egyptian Princess, Complete

    Georg Ebers

  • It may be said that the straightest road to Baktria did not lie through Ecbatana.

    The Gates of India

    Thomas Holdich

  • Burn them, and in ten days thou shalt be under the walls of Ecbatana.

    The Death of the Gods

    Dmitri Mrejkowski

  • In each of these provinces the principal city was called Ecbatana.

  • Alexander sent him to Ecbatana, where he was condemned to death.

British Dictionary definitions for ecbatana


  1. an ancient city in Iran, on the site of modern Hamadān; capital of Media and royal residence of the Persians and Parthians
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  1. an ancient country of SW Asia, south of the Caspian Sea: inhabited by the Medes; overthrew the Assyrian Empire in 612 bc in alliance with Babylonia; conquered by Cyrus the Great in 550 bc; corresponds to present-day NW Iran
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  1. a plural of medium
  2. the means of communication that reach large numbers of people, such as television, newspapers, and radio
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  1. of or relating to the mass mediamedia hype
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When media refers to the mass media, it is sometimes treated as a singular form, as in: the media has shown great interest in these events. Many people think this use is incorrect and that media should always be treated as a plural form: the media have shown great interest in these events


noun plural -diae (-dɪˌiː)
  1. the middle layer of the wall of a blood or lymph vessel
  2. one of the main veins in the wing of an insect
  3. phonetics
    1. a consonant whose articulation lies midway between that of a voiced and breathed speech sound
    2. a consonant pronounced with weak voice, as c in French second
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Word Origin

C19: from Latin medius middle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ecbatana



"newspapers, radio, TV, etc." 1927, perhaps abstracted from mass media (1923, a technical term in advertising), plural of medium, on notion of "intermediate agency," a sense found in that word in English from c.1600.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper