en-

1

a prefix occurring originally in loanwords from French and productive in English on this model, forming verbs with the general sense “to cause (a person or thing) to be in” the place, condition, or state named by the stem; more specifically, “to confine in or place on” (enshrine; enthrone; entomb); “to cause to be in” (enslave; entrust; enrich; encourage; endear); “to restrict” in the manner named by the stem, typically with the additional sense “on all sides, completely” (enwind; encircle; enclose; entwine). This prefix is also attached to verbs in order to make them transitive, or to give them a transitive marker if they are already transitive (enkindle; enliven; enshield; enface).
Also before labial consonants, em-1.
Compare be-, in-2.

Origin of en-

1
Middle English < Old French < Latin in- in-2

Definition for en- (2 of 2)

en-

2

a prefix meaning “within, in,” occurring in loanwords from Greek: energy; enthusiasm.
Also before labial consonants, em-2.

Origin of en-

2
< Greek (often through L); cognate with in-1, in-2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for en- (1 of 2)

en-

1

em-


prefix forming verbs and verbal derivatives

(from nouns)
  1. put in or onentomb; enthrone
  2. go on or intoenplane
  3. surround or cover withenmesh
  4. furnish withempower
(from adjectives and nouns) cause to be in a certain conditionenable; encourage; enrich; enslave

Word Origin for en-

via Old French from Latin in- in- ²

British Dictionary definitions for en- (2 of 2)

en-

2

em-


prefix forming verbs and verbal derivatives

in; into; insideendemic

Word Origin for en-

from Greek (often via Latin); compare in- 1, in- ²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for en-

en-


pref.

In; into; within:enzootic.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.