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verb (used with or without object), en·gorged, en·gorg·ing.
  1. to swallow greedily; glut or gorge.
  2. Pathology. to congest with blood.
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Origin of engorge

From the Middle French word engorger, dating back to 1505–15. See en-1, gorge1
Related formsen·gorge·ment, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words


Examples from the Web for engorgement

Historical Examples

  • This engorgement has given rise to the term "kidney of pregnancy."

    The Ethics of Medical Homicide and Mutilation

    Austin O'Malley

  • He was sleeping off his Sunday engorgement in a porch chair.

  • Congestion of the brain consists in an accumulation of blood in the vessels, also called hyperemia, or engorgement.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse

    United States Department of Agriculture

  • General relaxed condition of muscles; engorgement of cerebral and pulmonary vessels.

  • Nevertheless, it has nutritive qualities vastly superior to our ice cream, and stomach pains rarely follow an engorgement.

    My Attainment of the Pole

    Frederick A. Cook

British Dictionary definitions for engorgement


verb (tr)
  1. pathol to congest with blood
  2. to eat (food) ravenously or greedily
  3. to gorge (oneself); glut; satiate
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Derived Formsengorgement, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for engorgement


1610s, from engorge + -ment.

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1510s, from French engorger "to obstruct, block, congest," Old French engorgier "to swallow, devour," from en- (see en- (1)) + gorge "throat" (see gorge (n.)). Probably originally in reference to hawks. Related: Engorged; engorging.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

engorgement in Medicine


  1. To fill to excess, as with blood or other fluid.
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Related formsen•gorgement n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.