- one of a body of magistrates in various ancient Dorian states, especially at Sparta, where a body of five was elected annually by the people.
Origin of ephor
1580–90; < Latin ephorus < Greek éphoros overseer, guardian, ruler (Compare ephorân to look over, equivalent to ep- ep- + horân to see, look)
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Examples from the Web for ephor
Chilo, the Lacedaemonian ephor, is placed also among the seven.Athens: Its Rise and Fall, Complete
Upon this the same Ephor asked him whether he repented of what he had done.
In 560 (or 556) he acted as ephor, an office which he is even said to have founded.
Ephor, ef′or, n. a class of magistrates whose office apparently originated at Sparta, being peculiar to the Doric states.
He also gave out that he intended to remain in office as Ephor for the next year as well.
- (in ancient Greece) one of a board of senior magistrates in any of several Dorian states, esp the five Spartan ephors, who were elected by vote of all full citizens and who wielded effective power
C16: from Greek ephoros, from ephoran to supervise, from epi- + horan to look
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for ephor
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper