[eer-os, er-os]

noun, plural E·ro·tes [uh-roh-teez] /əˈroʊ tiz/ for 2, 3.

the ancient Greek god of love, identified by the Romans with Cupid.
a representation of this god.
a winged figure of a child representing love or the power of love.
(sometimes lowercase) physical love; sexual desire.Compare agape2(def 2).
Astronomy. an asteroid that approaches to within 14 million miles (22.5 million km) of the earth once every 44 years.
  1. the libido.
  2. instincts for self-preservation collectively. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for eros

Contemporary Examples of eros

  • Phasellus tristique, eros sit amet maximus tincidunt, enim massa congue nibh, non rutrum lorem ante non lectus.

    The Daily Beast logo
    Test Article


    October 31, 2014

  • Ambition, eros, family love and dissolution, fame, depression, resignation, satisfaction.

  • Eros, the life force, desperately trying to find a foothold in the arid landscape of Ordinary Life.

    The Daily Beast logo
    The Passion of Mark Sanford

    Kathleen Parker

    June 27, 2009

Historical Examples of eros

  • It was a beautiful cameo of Alcibiades, with the quiver and bow of Eros.


    Lydia Maria Child

  • Odd, that the visit of Eros should a second time be succeeded by a motor-jaunt!

    Love and Lucy

    Maurice Henry Hewlett

  • Because he was obviously no Eros, was he so obviously but part of a man?

    Love and Lucy

    Maurice Henry Hewlett

  • Carefully, then, did Eros choose two arrows from his quiver.

  • Once had her mouth been as the bow of Eros, painted in carmine.

British Dictionary definitions for eros



Greek myth the god of love, son of AphroditeRoman counterpart: Cupid
Also called: life instinct (in Freudian theory) the group of instincts, esp sexual, that govern acts of self-preservation and that tend towards uninhibited enjoyment of lifeCompare Thanatos

Word Origin for Eros

Greek: desire, sexual love
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for eros



god of love, late 14c., from Greek eros (plural erates), literally "love," related to eran "to love," erasthai "to love, desire," of uncertain origin.

Freudian sense of "urge to self-preservation and sexual pleasure" is from 1922. Ancient Greek distinguished four ways of love: erao "to be in love with, to desire passionately or sexually;" phileo "have affection for;" agapao "have regard for, be contented with;" and stergo, used especially of the love of parents and children or a ruler and his subjects.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for eros



In psychoanalytic theory, the sum of all instincts for self-preservation.
Sexual drive; libido.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Culture definitions for eros


[Roman name Cupid]

[(air-os, eer-os)]

A Greek and Roman god of love, often called the son of Aphrodite. He is better known by his Roman name.


The word erotic comes from the Greek word eros, which is the term for sexual love itself, as well as the god's name.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.