[ es-tuh-veyt ]
/ ˈɛs təˌveɪt /

verb (used without object), es·ti·vat·ed, es·ti·vat·ing.

to spend the summer, as at a specific place or in a certain activity.
Zoology. to spend a hot, dry season in an inactive, dormant state, as certain reptiles, snails, insects, and small mammals.
Compare hibernate.

Origin of estivate

1620–30; < Latin aestīvātus, past participle of aestīvāre to reside during the summer (akin to aestīvus of or relating to summer); see -ate1
Related formses·ti·va·tor, noun
Can be confusedestivate hibernate Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for estivate


/ (ˈiːstɪˌveɪt, ˈɛs-) /


(intr) the usual US spelling of aestivate
Derived Formsestivator, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for estivate



"to spend the summer," mid-17c., from Latin aestivatus, past participle of aestivare "to spend the summer," from aestus "heat," aestas "summer," literally "the hot season," from Proto-Italic *aissat-, from PIE *aidh- "to burn" (see edifice). Related: Estivated; estivating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper