verb (used with object), ex·am·ined, ex·am·in·ing.

to inspect or scrutinize carefully: to examine a prospective purchase.
to observe, test, or investigate (a person's body or any part of it), especially in order to evaluate general health or determine the cause of illness.
to inquire into or investigate: to examine one's motives.
to test the knowledge, reactions, or qualifications of (a pupil, candidate, etc.), as by questions or assigning tasks.
to subject to legal inquisition; put to question in regard to conduct or to knowledge of facts; interrogate: to examine a witness; to examine a suspect.

Origin of examine

1275–1325; Middle English < Middle French examiner < Latin exāmināre to weigh, examine, test, equivalent to exāmin- (stem of exāmen examen) + -āre infinitive ending
Related formsex·am·in·a·ble, adjectiveex·am·i·na·to·ri·al [ig-zam-uh-nuh-tawr-ee-uhl, -tohr-] /ɪgˌzæm ə nəˈtɔr i əl, -ˈtoʊr-/, adjectiveex·am·in·er, nounex·am·in·ing·ly, adverbpre·ex·am·ine, verb (used with object), pre·ex·am·ined, pre·ex·am·in·ing.pre·ex·am·in·er, nounsub·ex·am·in·er, nounsu·per·ex·am·in·er, nounun·ex·am·in·a·ble, adjectiveun·ex·am·ined, adjectiveun·ex·am·in·ing, adjectivewell-ex·am·ined, adjective

Synonyms for examine

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for examiner

Contemporary Examples of examiner

Historical Examples of examiner

  • I see that you are the Examiner's reporter, and that you are the lady of the photograph.

    The Einstein See-Saw

    Miles John Breuer

  • The examiner must be more than man who is sufficient for these things.



  • Well, it all turned out as desired by both candidate and examiner.

    Herbert Hoover

    Vernon Kellogg

  • The examiner should plan to make every contact he has with a student a help to the student.

    College Teaching

    Paul Klapper

  • The examiner had given himself up to the spirit of gossiping idleness.

    Some Reminiscences

    Joseph Conrad

British Dictionary definitions for examiner



one who examines or inspects
a person who sets or marks an examination
law (in the Republic of Ireland) a person appointed by a court to ensure the survival of an Irish public limited company


verb (tr)

to look at, inspect, or scrutinize carefully or in detail; investigate
education to test the knowledge or skill of (a candidate) in (a subject or activity) by written or oral questions or by practical tests
law to interrogate (a witness or accused person) formally on oath
med to investigate the state of health of (a patient)
Derived Formsexaminable, adjectiveexaminer, nounexamining, adjective

Word Origin for examine

C14: from Old French examiner, from Latin exāmināre to weigh, from exāmen means of weighing; see examen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for examiner

early 14c., examinour, agent noun from examine.



c.1300, from Old French examiner "interrogate, question, torture," from Latin examinare "to test or try; weigh, consider, ponder," from examen "a means of weighing or testing," probably ultimately from exigere "weigh accurately" (see exact). Related: Examined; examining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

examiner in Medicine




To study or analyze an organic material.
To test or check the condition or health of.
To determine the qualifications, aptitude, or skills of by means of questions or exercises.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.